What are the main problems in the way of family planning programme in India?

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1. Poverty:

The majority of the Indian population is poor. They cannot incur expenses on the preventive measures of family planning. Contrary to it, they prefer more children as these are expected to contribute to the income of the family.

2. Illiteracy:

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The greatest obstacle in the way of the family planning is the wide spread illiteracy found in India. Due to illiteracy the majority of the population does not know the significance of family planning. They will not be able to understand the significance of family planning till they are educated.

3. Fatalist. Most of the people in India are fatalist:

They regard every child as the gift of God. They believe that children are born with one mouth and two hands. They do not believe in the worth of family planning.

4. Religious Opposition:

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Some people regard family planning anti-religious and an immoral act. They oppose the family planning.

5. Lack of Finance:

The movement of population control measures has not yet reached to every nook and corner of the country. Sufficient funds are required to propagate and implement the message of family planning. But the requisite funds are not available.

6. Lack of Cheap and Effective Methods:

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In India there is lack of cheap and effective methods of birth control. There is inadequacy of population control research centers. There are several reasons for this. There is, for example, no mechanization whereby the result of research is actually transmitted to the administrators and policy makers.

7. Shortage of Trained Staff:

There is shortage of trained staff including doctors and nurses. In India, there are only two doctors for every 10 thousand population. The shortage of trained manpower and inadequacy of motivation of the staff are also responsible for the poor performance of the policy of family planning.

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