This method is quite important. Through question, an attempt is made to ascertain and evaluate the knowledge of students in regard to the subject. This method ensures participation. The teacher should ask question and the student should be encouraged to ask questions.
About this method a renowned author says, “If the teacher does not know the answer he should admit it and either he ask the students to find it in the text-book or offer to find out the answer himself. No teacher can answer all the question which can be asked in yes or no. The students should be asked such questions which compel them to think the matter over. If the students cannot answer the question fully, his partial answer should be accepted and another student may be asked to improve upon it. The teacher himself be in regular habit of reading latest texts as students should also be asked to find answers in authoritative texts”.
In this method the teacher controls the situation. Generally informal lesson is developed by means of question-answer method.
Advantages of Question-Answer Method
(i) It can be used in all teaching situations.
(ii) It helps in developing the power of expression of the students.
(iii) It is helpful to ascertain the personal difficulties of the students.
(iv) It provides a check on preparation of assignments.
(v) It can be used to reflect student’s background and attitude.
(vi) It is quite handy to the teacher when no other suitable teaching method is available.
(i) It requires a lot of skill on the part of teacher to make a proper use of this method.
(ii) It may sometime mar the atmosphere of the class.
(iii) This method generally is quite embracing for timid students.
(iv) It is time consuming