Views on the right to freedom of religion as enshrined in the Indian Constitution

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The attitude of impartiality towards all religions making a state secular in true sense is secured by our constitution in so many ways and by several provisions.

i. There shall be no ‘state religion’ in India. The state will neither establish a religion of its own nor confer any special patronage upon any particular religion.
ii. Every person is guaranteed the freedom of conscience and the freedom to profess practices and propagate his own religion.
iii. Not only is there the freedom of the individual to profess, practise and propagate his religion, there is also the right guaranteed to every religious group to establish and maintain institutions for religious and charitable purposes.

This ambit of the freedom of religion guaranteed by Arts. 25-26 has been widened by the judicial interpretation.

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In the light of all these factoral causes we can say that India is a secular country in gist and spirit. Many of the countries, particularly of our neighbours, could not maintain this spirit and tended to follow a particular religion making one religious group fortunate and other devoid ones.

This is not the case with India. Here all religious groups and communities have equal opportunity in all spheres and all are on equal footing and plinth without any discrimination on part of the state. In India where a religious community is in minority, the constitution goes further to enable it to preserve its culture and religious interests by due provisions. So, we can emphatically say that India is a secular state.

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