DRS or UDRS stands for decision review system or umpire decision review system. The new review system was officially launched by ICC on 24 November 2009 during the first Test match between New Zealand and Pakistan at the University Oval in Dunedin.
This system connotes preference to technology rather than the manual decisions by on field umpires.
In aureate, In this each team is allowed to make two unsuccessful review requests per innings during a match. A fielding team may use the system to dispute a “not out” call and a batting team may do so to dispute an “out” call. The fielding team captain or the batsman being dismissed invokes the challenge by signaling a “T” with the arms. Once the challenge is invoked, acknowledged, and agreed, the Third Umpire reviews the play. While umpires may request the Third Umpire for certain close calls such as line calls (to determine run outs and stumpings) and boundary calls, a challenge may be used in situations that may result in a dismissal: for example, to determine if the ball is a legal catch (making contact with the batsman’s bat or glove and not touching the ground before being held by a fielder) or if a delivery made the criteria for a LBW dismissal (hitting the ground in line or on the off side and hitting the batsman in line with a path that would have hit the wicket). The Third Umpire then reports to the on-field umpire whether his analysis supports the original call, contradicts the call, or is inconclusive. The on-field umpire then makes the final decision: either re-signalling a call that is standing or revoking a call that is being reversed and then making the corrected signal. Each team can go for referrals until they use their share of unsuccessful reviews. Under the DRS rule only bad decisions are reversed, in case of decisions that can go either way the original decision (decision of the on-field umpire) does not change.
When a not-out LBW decision is evaluated, and if the replay demonstrates the ball has made impact more than 2.5m away from the wickets, the umpires also have to consider another feature: the distance the ball has travelled between pitching and hitting the pad. If that distance (between pitching and pad) is less than 40cm and if the ball has to travel more than 2.5m to reach the stumps, then any not-out decision given by the on-field umpire will remain not out. It has also been decided that if the batsman is more than 3.5m from the wicket, then again not-out decisions will not be reversed. The only picture in which an LBW decision will be reversed in favour of the bowler is if the batsman is more than 2.5m away from the wicket, if the distance is less than 3.5m and the distance between pitching and point of impact is more than 40cm. In that case, some part of the ball must be hitting the middle stump, and the whole ball must be hitting the stumps below the bails. In cases where the original decision is out, the 2.5m or 40cm distances do not apply, as in that state Hawk Eye must show the ball to be completely missing the stumps in order for the umpire to undo his decision.
All the corners of cricket do not embrace it. It has been condemned by many biggies of cricket like Ramnaresh Sarwan , Joel Garner, Bird etc.
But ICC CEC has made it mandatory along with certain relaxation, like implementation of ball tracker technology depends on the bilateral decision between the two cricket authorities.
It is well said that cricket is a vague game, so even a single wrong decision can mould the game and if its one day then the situation gets more critical as you have just few hours to prove your adroitness in the game. By relenting on this system we get more closer to accuracy so more closer to correct decisions. It not only accrues the on field umpire during the suspicious and stressful decisions but also daunts the astute appeals by limiting the review requests. Though it has been roasted on the grounds that it undermines the authority of on-field umpires. It is true too, but this is a game not a battle to prove some one’s supremacy or authority so anything which leads to improvement should be accepted.
cricket world cup is watched by millions and billions. Everything from exquisite opening to marvelous closing are well organised and faults are kept miles away. Everything is tried to be perfect, every player, every team gives it all, but a single false decision will ruin it all. But with DRS at least a team or a player gets a golden chance to prove its innocence.
Now as CEC has made it mandatory, it will surely bring the gentlemen’s game to fruition.
Preeti Kumari Chaurasia