Five valid Criticism against organic theory of the state

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The organic theory of the state is good in so far as it emphasizes the essential unity of the state but its implications lead to dangerous conclusion which may be discussed as follows:

1. The concept that individuals like the cells of an organism depend solely on it for the life and existence leads to the conclusion that individuals are completely subordinated to the state which becomes totalitarian state controlling the life and happiness of the people.

The theory along with Idealistic Theory of State gave rise to dictatorships of the worst type in Germany and Italy.

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2. The theory is direct negation of democracy and its ideals. In democracy, every individual has the perfect freedom of action so long as it does not hinder the similar freedom of others and interests of the people at large are not trespassed.

3. However in spite of the close parallelism worked out by the exponents of the organic theory, it is not correct. Bonds of unity among the individuals composing the state are not biological but physical an psychological.

The Union between the two is the union of minds, objects and ideals. It is both social and moral and it is neither complete nor very close. The theory is based on analogy but it is not a proof.

4. Theory is a direct attack on the theory of Social Contract In the words of Leacock “the central idea of the organic theory of the state is to Endeavour to set aside the contract between the individual and the state by amalgamating them into one”.

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5. The theory does not explain the functions of the state and ruthless; drags us to the conclusion that state is the ‘be all’ and ‘end all’ of every thing. The dictators of Germany and Italy declared “all within the state,! nothing outside the state, every thing for the state and nothing against the state.

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