25 Objective questions on Indian Industries (Civil Service Examination)

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1. Local supply of coal is not available to: [1996]

(a) TISCO, Jamshedpur

(b) VSL, Bhadravati

(c) HSL, Durgappur

(d) HSL, Bhilai

2. The number of industries for which industrial licensing is required has now been reduced to: [1997]

(a) 15 (b) 6

(c) 35 (d) 20

3. Scheme of (i) Urban Micro-Enterprises, (ii) Urban Wage Employment and (iii) Housing and Shelter Upgradation are parts of: [1997]

(a) Integrated Rural Development Programme

(b) Nehru Rojgar Yojana

(c) Jawahar Rojgar Yojana

(d) Prime Minister's Rojgar Yojana

4. The contribution of India's small scale sector to the gross turnover in the manufacturing sector since 1992 has been of the order of: [1997]

(a) 40% (b) 34%

(c) 30% (d) 45%

5. Which of the following places are known for paper manufacturing industry ? [1997]

1. Yamunanagar 2. Guwahati

3. Shahabad 4. Ballarpur

Choose the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1,2 and 3 (b) 1,2 and 4

(c) 1,3 and 4 (d) 2,3 and 4

6. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer: [1997]

List I (Hazardous industries is using leading to the Filing of a public interest petition in the Supreme Court)

A. Glass Industry

B. Brassware Industry

C. Slate Industry

D. Handmade Carpet Industry

List II (Located at)

1. Moradabad

2. Marakpur

3. Ferozabad

4. Mirzapur

Codes:

(a) A-3; B-1; C-2; D-4

(b) A-1; B-3; C-4; D-2

(c) A-3; B-1; C-4; D-2

(d) A-1; B-3; C-2; D-4

7. Some time back, the Government of India, decided to delicense 'white goods' industry. 'White goods' include: [1998]

(a) stainless steel and aluminium utensils

(b) milk and milk products

(c) items purchased for conspicuous consumption

(d) soaps, detergents and other mass consumption goods

9. Consider the following statements: [1999]

Small-scale industries are, in most cases, not as efficient and competitive as the large-scale ones. Yet the Government provides preferential treatment and reservations in a range of products to the small firms because small-scale industries:

1. provide higher employment on a per unit capital deployment basis

2. promote a regional dispersion of industries and economical activities

3. have performed better in export of manufactured products than the large scale ones

4. provide jobs to low-skill workers, who otherwise may not find employment avenues elsewhere

Which of the above statements are correct?

(a) 1 and 4 (b) 1 and 2

(c) 2 and 3 (d) 3 and 4

10. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given the lists: [1999]

List I (Industries)

A. Pearl fishing

B. Automobiles

C. Shipbuilding

D. Engineering goods

List II (Industrial Centres)

1. Pune

2. Tuticorin

3. Pinjore

4. Marmagao

Codes:

(a) A-2; B-1;C-4; D-3

(b) A-2; B-1;C-3; D-4

(c) A-1; B-2;C-4; D-3

(d) A-1; B-2: C-3; D-4

11. Consider the following statements: [1999]

Industrial development in India, to an extent, is constrained by:

1. lack of adequate entrepreneurship and leadership in business

2. lack of savings to invest

3. lack of technology, skills and infrastructure

4. limited purchasing power among the larger masses

Which of the above statements are correct?

(a) 1,2 and 3 (b) 1,3 and 4

(c) 2,3 and 4 (d) 1,2 and 4

12. Tourism industry in India is quite small compared to many other countries in terms of India's potential size. Which one of the following statements is correct in this regard? [1999]

(a) Distances in India are too far apart is luxury hotels are too expensive for western tourists

(b) For most of months India is too hot for western tourists to feel comfortable

(c) Most of the picture square resorts in India such as in the North East and Kashmir are, for all practical purposes, out of bounds

(d) In India, the infrastructure required for attracting tourists is inadequate

13. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: [1999]

List I (Industrial Unit)

A. Atlas Cycle Company Ltd.

B. Bharat Earth Movers Ltd.

C. Indian Fanners Fertilizers Co-operative Ltd.

D. National Aluminium Company Ltd.

List II (Centre)

1. Bangalore

2. Bhubaneswar

3. Kalol

4. Sonepat

Codes:

(a) A-1; B - 4; C-2; D-3

(b) A - 1; B - 4; C-3, D-2

(c) A -4; B - 1; C -2; D - 3

(d) A - 4; B -1; C-3, D-2

14. Assertion (A): Information technology is fast becoming a very important field of activity in India. Reason (R) : Software is one of the major exports of the country and India has a very strong base in hardware. [1999]

(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

(b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true

15. Consider the following factors regarding an industry [2001]

Capital investment Business turnover Labour force Power consumption Which of these determine the nature and size of the industry?

(a) 1,3 and 4 (b) 1,2 and 4

(c) 2,3 and 4 (d) 2 and 3

16. Assertion (A): India's software exports increased at an average growth rate of 50% since 1995-96.

Reason (R): Indian software companies were cost-effective and maintained international quality. [2001]

(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true

17. Consider the following states: [2001]

1. Gujarat 2. Karnataka

3. Maharashtra 4. Tamil Nadu

The descending order of these states with reference to their level of Per Capita Net State Domestic Product is:

(a) 1,3,4,2 (b) 3,1,2,4

(c) 1,3,2,4 (d) 3,1,4,2

18. With reference to the Public Sector Undertakings in India, consider the following statements: [2002]

1. Minerals and Metals Trading Corporation of India Limited is the largest non-oil importer of the country

2. Project and Equipment Corporation of India Limited is under the Ministry of Industry

3. One of the objectives of Export Credit Guarantee Corporation of India Limited is to enforce quality control and compulsory pre-shipment inspection of various exportable commodities

Which of these statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only (b) 1 and 2

(c) 2 and 3 (d) 3 only

19. HINDALCO, an aluminium factory located at Renukut owes its site basically to: [2002]

(a) proximity of raw materials

(b) abundant supply of power

(c) efficient transport network

(d) proximity to the market

20. Which one of the following committees recommended the abolition of reservation of items for the small scale sector in industry? [2003]

(a) Abid Hussian Committee

(b) Narasimham Committee

(c) Nayak Committee

(d) Rakesh Mohan Committee

21. With reference to India, which one of the following statements is NOT correct? [2003]

(a) IPCL is India's largest petrochemical company

(b) RIL is the largest private sector company in India

(c) MTNL is listed on NYSE

(d) BSNL is the first telecom service organization in India to launch a nationwide cellular service at one time

22. Which one of the following statements is NOT correct? [2003]

(a) India is the second largest producer of nitrogenous fertilizers in the world

(b) India is the ninth largest steel producing country in the world

(c) India is the second largest producer of silk in the world

(d) India ranks third in the world in coal production

23. During the year 2000-01 which one of the following Industries the recorded the highest growth rate in India? [2003]

(a) Cement (b) Coal

(c) Electricity (d) Steel

24. Which one of the following statements is correct? [2003]

(a) Alliance Air is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Indian Airlines

(b) The Airports Authority of India manages seven of the country's international airports

(c) The Airports Authority of India is the regulatory organisation for enforcing civil air regulations in India

(d) It is the function of Directorate General of Civil Aviation to plan and construct runways and terminal buildings and to provide air safety services

25. Which one of the following statements is not correct? [2005]

(a) Rourkela Steel Plant, the first integrated steel plant in the Public Sector of India was set up with the Soviet Union collaboration.

(b) Salem Steel Plant is a premier producer of stainless steel in India.

(c) Maharashtra Elektrosmelt Ltd. is a subsidiary of the Steel Authority of India Ltd.

(d) Visakhapatnam Steel Plant is a unit of the Rashtriya IspatNigam Ltd.

26. Which one of the following is not a feature of Limited Liability Partnership firm? [2010]

(a) Partners should be less than 20

(b) Partnership and management need not be separate

(c) Internal governance may be decided by mutual agreement among partners

(d) It is corporate body with perpetual succession

Answers:

1. (b) VSL Bhadravati is the only iron and state plant situated outside the coal producing area. The plant switched over to electric furnaces after the completion of Mahatma Gandhi Hydel Power Stations.

2. (b) Those are distillation and brewing of alcoholic drinks, Cigar cigarette, hazardous chemicals, drugs and pharmaceuticals, industrial explosives, and electric, aerospace and all defence equipments.

3. (b) The Nehru Rozgar Yojana( 1989) has been designed to provide employment to the urban unemployed and under-employed poor.

4. (a) It is approximately 40% in the manufacturing sector and 34% in the exports.

5. (b) Yamuna Nagar, Guwahati and Ballarpur industry is famous for paper manufacturing industry. Yamuna Nagar is present in Haryana, Guwahati is present in Assam and Ballarpur is in Maharashtra.

6. (a) Hazardous industries Location

A. Glass Industry - Firozabad

B. Brassware Industry - Moradabad

C. Slate Industry - Marakpur

D. Handmade carpet - Mirzapur Industry

All these industries is tilling of a public interest petition in the Supreme Court due to using child labour.

7. (c) White goods are heavy consumer durables such as air conditioners, refrigerators, stoves, etc., which used to be painted only in white enamel finish. Despite their availability in varied colors now, they are still called white goods.

9. (c) SSI contribution to Indian exports is 35% and in the total manufacturing turnover contribute approximately 40%.

10. (a) Industries Industrial Centres

A. Pearl fishing - Tuticorin

B. Automobile industry - Pune

C. Ship building - Marmagao

D. Engineering goods - Pinjore

11. (c)

12. (d)

13. (d) Atlas cycle company is situated in Sonepat of Haryana. Bharat Earth Movers Limited is situated in Banglore of Karnataka State, Indian Farmers Fertilizers Co-operative Ltd is present in Kalol of Gujarat and National Aluminium Company Limited is located in Bhubaneswar.

14. (c) India does not have a strong base in hardware.

15. (a)

16. (a)

17. (b)

18. (a) Minerals and Metals Trading Corporation Limited (MMTC) is one of the two highest foreign exchange earner for India. It is a leading international trading company with a turnover of over US$ 3 billion. It is the largest international trading company of India and the first Public Sector Enterprise to be accorded the status of FIVE STAR EXPORT HOUSE by Govt. of India for long standing contribution to exports. MMTC is the largest non-oil importer in India.

19. (b) HINDALCO, an aluminium factory located at Renukut owes its site basically to abundant supply of power from National Thermal Power Station Rihand.

20. (a) Abid Hussain Committee (1997) recommended total dereservation and replacing policy of reservation with a policy of promotion and strengthening of these units.

21. 4a) ONGC is India's largest petrochemical company. IPCL is the second largest petrochemical company.

22. (a) India is the 3rd largest producer of and exporter of nitrogenous fertilizer. India has take 9th rank in production of steel in world. The coal production India ranks 3rd after China and U.S.A and India are the 2nd only to China in silk production.

23. (d) The steel industry is recorded highest growth rate of 7%, electricity growth rate is 4%, coal industry growth is 3.3%.

24. (a) Alliance Air was formed on 1 April 1996 and it was completely owned by Indian Airline.

25. (a) Rourkela Steel Plant (RSP) is the first integrated steel plant in the public sector in India, was set up with German collaboration with an installed capacity of 1 million tonnes.

26. (a) A limited liability partnership (LLP) is a partnership in which some or all partners (depending on the jurisdiction) have limited liability. LLP shall be a body corporate and a legal entity separate from its partners. It will have perpetual succession. Indian Partnership Act, 1932 shall not be applicable to LLPs and there shall not be any upper limit on number of partners in an LLP unlike an ordinary partnership firm where the maximum number of partners can not exceed 20, LLP Act makes a mandatory statement where one of the partner to the LLP should be an Indian.


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