Objective questions on Panchayati Raj & Public Policy (Civil Service Examination)

A. Panchayati Raj

1. Which one of the following is incorrect in respect of Local Government in India? [1995]

(a) According to the Indian Constitution, local government is not an independent tier in the federal system

(b) 30% of the seats in local bodies are reserved for women

(c) Local government finances are to be provided by a Commission

(d) Elections to local bodies are to be determined by a Commission

2. What is the system of governance in the Panchayati Raj set up? [1996]

(a) Single tier structure of local self government at the village level.

(b) Two tier system of local self government at the village and block levels

(c) Three tier structure of local self government at the village, block and district levels

(d) Four tier system of local self government at the village block, district and in the state levels

3. Panchayat Raj was first introduced in India in October, 1959 in: [1998]

(a) Rajasthan (b) Tamil Nadu

(c) Kerala (d) Karnataka

4. In the new Panchayati Raj Bill enacted in 1993, there are several fresh provisions deviating from the past. Which one of the following is not one such provisions? [1999]

(a) A number of added responsibilities in the area of agriculture rural development, primary education and social forestry among other

(b) Elections being made mandatory for all posts at the time they are due

(c) A statutory representation for women in the panchayats, upto a third of the strength

(d) Regular remuneration to the panchayat members, so as to ensure their punctuality and accountability

5. A college student desires to get elected to the Municipal Council of his city. The validity of his nomination would depend on the important condition, among others, that: [2000]

(a) he obtains permission from the principal of his college

(b) he is a member of a political party

(c) his name figures in the voters' list

(d) he files a declaration owing allegiance to the Constitution of India

6. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: [2000]

List I (Local bodies)

A. Zilla Parishads at the sub-divisional level

B. Mandal Praja Parishad

C. Tribal Councils

D. Absence of Village Panchayats

List II (States as in 1999)

1. Andhra Pradesh

2. Assam

3. Mizoram

4. Meghalaya

Codes:

(a) A-2,B-1,C-4,D-3 (b) A-1,B-2,C-4,D-3

(c) A-3,B-2,C-1,D-4 (d) A-2, B-1,C-3, D-4

7. If a Panchayat is dissolved, elections are to be held within [2009]

(a) 1 month (b) 3 months

(c) 6 months (d) 1 year

8. In India, the first Municipal Corporation was set up in which one among the following? [2009]

(a) Calcutta (b) Madras

(c) Bombay (d) Delhi

B. Public Policy

1. Which of the following are the objectives of the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP)? [1995]

1. To stabilize agricultural prices

2. To ensure meaningful real income levels to the farmers

3. To protect the interest of the consumers by providing essential agricultural commodities at reasonable rates through public distribution system

4. To ensure maximum price for the farmer

Codes:

(a) 1, 2 and 3 (b) 1,2and4

(c) 1, 3 and 4 (d) 2, 3 and 4

2. To ensure maximum price for the fanner [1995]

Code:

(a) 1, 2 and 3 (b) 1,2and4

(c) 1, 3, and4 (d) 2,3 and4

3. Consider the following statements regarding the National Human Rights Commission of India:

1. Its Chairman must be retired Chief Justice of India

2. It has formation in each state as State Human Rights Commission

3. Its powers are only recommendatory in nature

4. It is mandatory to appoint a woman as a member of the Commission

Which of the above statements are correct? [1999]

(a) 1,2,3 and4 (b) 2and4

(c) 2 and 3 (d) 1 and 3

4. Which one of the following legislations does not deal with the protection of environment? [1999]

(a) The Water (Cess) Act, 1977

(b) The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980

(c) The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991

(d) The Port Laws Amendment Act, 1997

5. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: [2001]

List-I List-II

(Publisher) (Publication)

A. Ministry of Industry 1. Report on Currency and Finance

B. Central Statistical 2. Economic Survey Organisation

C. Reserve Bank of India 3. Wholesale Price Index

D. Ministry of Finance 4. National Accounts Statistics

Codes:

(a) A-4, B-3, C-2, D-1 (b) A-3, B-4, C-1, D-2

(c) A-4, B-3, C-1, D-2 (d) A-3,B-4,C-2, D-1

6. The Consultative Committee of Members of Parliament for Railway Zones is constituted by the: [2002]

(a) President of India

(b) Ministry of Railways

(c) Ministry of Parliament Affairs

(d) Ministry of Transport

7. Which one of the following statements is NOT correct? [2003]

(a) The Press Council of India is an autonomous quasi- judicial body established under an Act of Parliament

(b) The Press Information Bureau provides accreditation to media person so as to have easy access to information from government sources

(c) Among all the states of India, Maharashtra publishes the largest number of newspaper

(d) Press Trust of India is the largest news agency in the country

8. With reference to Indian Public Finance, consider the following statements: [2004]

1. Disbursements from Public Accounts of India are subject to the Vote of Parliament

2. The Indian constitution provides for the establishment of a Consolidated Fund, a Public Account and a Contingency Fund for each State

3. Appropriations and disbursements under the Railway Budget are subject to the same form of parliamentary control as other appropriations and disbursements

Which of the statements given above are correct? [2004]

(a) 1 and 2 (b) 2 and 3

(c) 1and 3 (d) 1, 2 and 3

9. The Archaeological Survey of India is an attached office of the Department/Ministry of: [2004]

(a) Culture

(b) Tourism

(c) Science and Technology

(d) Human Resource Development

10. Assertion (A): The Central Rural Sanitation Programme was launched in 1986 to improve the quality of life of rural people in India.

Reason (R): Rural sanitation is a subject in the Concurrent List in the Constitution of India. In the context of above two statements, which one of the following is correct? [2004]

(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the con- explanation of A.

(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not correct explanation of A.

(c) A is true but R is false.

(d) A is false but R is true

11. Consider the following: [2005]

1. Disputes with mobile cellular companies

2. Motor accident cases

3. Pension cases

For which of the above are Lok Adalats held?

(a) 1 only (b) 1 and 2

(c) 2 only (d) 1, 2 and 3

Consider the following statements: [2006]

1. There is no provision in the Constitution of India to encourage equal pay for equal work for both men and n women.

2. The Constitution of India does not define backward classes.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only (b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

13. Consider the following statements: [2007]

1. The nation-wide scheme of the National Child Labour Projects (NCLP) is run by the Union Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.

2. Gurupadswamy Committee dealt with the issues of child labour.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only (b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answers:

A. Panchyati Raj

1. (b) According to 73rd amendment act 1993, under article 243D, not less than 1/3rd i.e. 33% seats should be reserved for women.

2. (c) According to 73rd amendment act, three-tier system of Panchayats exists: Village level, District Panchayat at the district level, the intermediate Panchayat which stands between the village and District Panchayats in the States where the population is above 20 Lakhs.

3. (a) Panchayati Raj System was first introduced in Nagaur district of Rajasthan on October 2, 1959 followed by Andhra Pradesh that too in 1959.

4. (d) Provision given in option (d) is not included under 73rd amendment act 1993.

5. (c) Name in the Voters list is the important condition.

6. (d)

7. (c) Duration of Panchayats is five year. Fresh election to constitute a Panchayat shall be completed before the expiry of its term; or in case of dissolution before the expiry of a period of 6 months from the date of its dissolution.

8. (a) Calcutta Municipal Corporation was set up in the year 1876.

B. Public Policy

1. (a)

2. (a)

3. (d) Here the possible answer is d because Statement 2 is incorrect as it is not mandatory that each state must have the state human rights commission. But statement 4 is correct as Chairperson of the National Commission on Women is also the member of NHRC.

4. (a) The Water (Cess) Act, 1977 related to water irrigation not the protection of environment.

5. (b)

6. (c) The main purpose of these Committees is to provide a forum for informal discussions between the Government and Members of Parliament on policies and programmes of the Government and the manner of their implementation.

7. (c) Madhya Pradesh publishes largest number of newspapers.

8. (b) The Indian Constitution provides for the establishment of a Consolidated Fund and a public account under article 266 and a Contingency Fund for each State under article 267. Disbursements of Public Accounts of India are not subject to Vote of Parliament.

9. (a) The Archaeological Survey of India established in 1861 is a department of the Government of India attached to the Ministry of Culture. The ASI is responsible for archaeological studies and the preservation of archaeological heritage of the country in accordance with the various acts of the Indian Parliament.

10. (c) Rural sanitation is not a subject in the Concurrent List. Public Health and Sanitation comes under State List.

11. (d) Now Lok Adalats have been held in all cases.

12. (b) Statement 1 is incorrect as equal pay for equal work for both men and women is provided under article 39(d) in Directive principles of the State policy under Part IV of the constitution.

13. (b)