45 Objective Questions on Geography of India Part-3 (Civil Service Examination)

122. Out of the four southern States: Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu, which shares boundaries with the maximum number of Indian States? [2007]

(a) Andhra Pradesh only

(b) Karnataka only

(c) Each of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka

(d) Each of Tamil Nadu and Kerala

123. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists: [2007]

List-I (Aluminium Company)

A. BALCO

B. HINDALCO

C. Indian Aluminium Company

D. NALCO

List II (Location)

1. Hirakud

2. Korba

3. Koraput

4. Renukoot

Code:

(a) A-3; B-1; C-4; D-2 (b) A-2; B-4; C-1; D-3

(c) A-3; B-4;C-1; D-2 (d) A-2; B-1;C-4; D-3

124. Which one of the following is located in the Bastar region? [2007]

(a) Bandhavgarh National Park

(b) Dandeli Sanctuary

(c) Rajaji National Park

(d) Indravati National Park

125. In which State is the Guru Shikhar Peak located? [2007]

(a) Rajasthan (b) Gujarat

(c) Madhya Pradesh (d) Maharashtra

126. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists: [2007]

List-I (Town) List-II (River Nearer to it)

A. Betul 1. Indravati

B. Jagdalpur 2. Narmada

C. Jabalpur 3. Shipra

D. Ujjain 4. Tapti Code:

(a) A-1; B-4; C-2; D-3 (b) A-4; B-1; C-2; D-3

(c) A-4; B-1;C-3; D-2 (d) A-1; B-4;C-3; D-2

127. Consider the following statements: [2007]

1. In India, Red Panda is naturally found in the Western Himalayas only.

2. In India, Slow Loris lives in the dense forests of the North East.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only (b) 2 only

(c) Both land 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

128. Which one of the following is not essentially a species of the Himalayan vegetation? [2008]

(a) Juniper (b) Mahogany

(c) Islver fir (d) Spruce

129. Which of the following hills are found where the Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats meet? [2008]

(a) Anaimalai Hills (b) Cardamom Hills

(c) Nilgiri Hills (d) Shevoroy Hills

130. Consider the following pairs: [2008]

Tributary River Main River

1. Chambal Narmada

2. Sone Yamuna

3. Manas Brahmaputra

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

(a) 1, 2 and 3 (b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only (d) 3 only

131. Consider the following statements: [2008]

1. Salt-water crocodile is found in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

2. Shrew and tapir are found in the Western Ghats of the Malabar region.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only (b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

132. In which one of the following states are Namchik Namphuk Coalfields located? [2008]

(a) Arunachal Pradesh (b) Meghalaya

(c) Manipur (d) Mizoram

133. Which of the following minerals found in a natural way in the State of Chhattisgarh? [2008]

1. Bauxite 2. Dolomite

3. Iron ore 4. Tin

Select the correct answer using code given below:

Code:

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only (b) 1 and 3 only

(c) 2 and 4 only (d) 1, 2, 3 and4

134. On which one of the following rivers is the Tehri Hydropower Complex located? [2008]

(a) Alaknanda (b) Bhagirathi

(c) Dhauliganga (d) Mandakini

135. Which of the following pairs are correctly matched? [2008 ]

Waterfalls River

1. Kapildhara Falls : Godavari

2. Jog Falls : Sharavati

3. Isvasamudram Falls : Cauvery

Select the correct answer using the code given below: Code:

(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3

136. Which of the following pairs are correctly matched? [200 8]

Irrigation Project State

1. Damanganga : Gujurat

2. Gima : Maharashtra

3. Pamba : Kerala

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

Code:

(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3

137. Consider the following statements: [2008]

1. Chikmagalur is well-known for sugar production.

2. Mandya is well-known as a coffee producing region

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only (b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

138. Where are Tapovan and Vishnugarh Hydroelectric Pro- located? [2008]

(a) Madhya Pradesh (b) Uttar Pradesh

c) Uttarakhand (d) Rajasthan

139. Which of the following are among the million-plus cities India on the basis of data of the Census, 2001?

1. Ludhiana 2. Kochi

3. Surat 4. Nagpur

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

Code:

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only (b) 2, 3 and 4 only

(c) 1 and 4 only (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

140. Which one among the following has the maximum nu of National Parks? [2008]

(a) Andaman and Nicobar Islands

(b) Arunachal Pradesh

(c) Assam

(d) Meghalaya

141. Consider the following regions: [2008]

1. Eastern Himalayas

2. Eastern Mediterranean region

3. North-western Australia

Which of the above is/are Biodiveristy Hotspot(s)?

(a) 1 only (b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1,2 and 3

142. In India, which one of the following States has the largest inland saline wetland? [2009]

(a) Gujarat (b) Haryana

(c) Madhya Pradesh (d) Rajasthan

143. In India, the ports are categorized as major and non major ports. Which one of the following is a non-major port? [2009]

(a) Kochi (Cochin) (b) Dahej

(c) Paradip (d) New Mangalore

144. The Dul Hasti Power Station is based on which one of the following rivers? [2009]

(a) Beas (b) Chenab

(c) Ravi (d) Sutlej

145. Which one of the following is the country's administrative capital new federal administrative centre of Malayisa? [2009]

(a) Kota Bharu (b) Kuala Terengganu

(c) Putrajaya (d) Taiping

146. Conisder the following statements: [2009]

1. In the world, the tropical deserts occur along the western margins of continents within the trade wind belt.

2. In India, the East Himalayan region gets high rainfall from north-east winds.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only (b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

147. Which one of the following rivers does not originate in India?

[2009]

(a) Beas (b) Chenab

(c) Ravi (d) Sutlej

148. At which one of the following places do two important rivers of India originate; while one of them flows towards north and merges with another important rivers flowing towards Bay of Bengal, the other one flows towards Arabian Sea? [2009]

(a) Amarkantak (b) Badrinath

(c) Mahabaleshwar (d) Nasik

149. Consider the following statements: [2009]

1. India does not have any deposits of thorium.

2. Kerala's monazite sands contain Uranium

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only (b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

150. Consider the following statements: [2009]

1. There are no east flowing rivers in Kerala.

2. There are no west flowing rivers in Madhya Pradesh. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only (b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

151. Consider the following statements: [2010]

1. The boundaries of a National Park are defined by legislation.

2. A Biosphere Reserve is declared to conserve a few specific species of flora and fauna.

3. In a Wildlife Sanctuary, limited biotic interference is permitted

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only (b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only (d) 1,2 and 3

152. Following are the characteristics of an area in India: [2010]

1. Hot and humid climate

2. Annual rainfall 200 cm

3. Hill slopes up to an altitude of 1100 metres

4. Annual range of temperature 15°C to 30°C.

Which one among the following crops are you most likely to find in the area described above?

(a) Mustard

(b) Cotton

(c) Pepper

(d) Virginia tobacco

153. With reference to the mineral resources of India, consider the following pairs: [2010]

Mineral 90% Natural sources in

1. Copper .................... Jharkhand

2. Nickel ....................... Orissa

3. Tungsten ........................Kerala

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3, only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

154. India is a party to the Ramsar Convention and has declared many areas as Ramsar Sites. Which of the following statements best describes as to how we should maintain these sites in the context of this Convention? [2010]

(a) Keep all the sites completely inaccesisble to man so that they will not be exploited

(b) Conserve all the sites through ecosystem approach and permit tourism and recreation only.

(c) Conserve all the sites through ecosystem approach for a period without any exploitation, with specific criteria and specific period for each site, and then allow sustainable use of them by future generations

(d) Conserve all the sites through ecosystem approach and allow their simultaneous sustainable use

155. Consider the following pairs:

Protected area Well-known for

1. Bhiterkanika, Orissa ................ Salt Water Crocodile

2. Desert National Park Rajasthan............... Great Indian Bustard

3. Eravikulam, Kerala .................. Hoolak Gibbon

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

(a) 1 only (b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 2 only (d) 1, 2 and 3

156. In India, which type of forest among the following occupies the largest area? [2010]

(a) Montane Wet Temperate Forest

(b) Sub-tropical Dry Evergreen Forest

(c) Tropical Moist Deciduous Forest

(d) Tropical Wet Evergreen Forest

157. Tamil Nadu is a leading producer of mill-made cotton yarn in the country. What could be the reason? [2010]

1. Black cotton soil is the predominant type of soil in the State.

2. Rich pool of skilled labour is available. Which of the above is/are the correct reasons?

(a) 1 only (b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

158. Consider the following statements; [2010]

1. On the planet Earth, the fresh water available for use amounts to about less than 1 % of the total water found.

2. Of the total fresh water found on the planet Earth 95% is bound up in polar ice caps and glaciers.

Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

(a) 1 only (b) 2 only

(c) Both I and, 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

159. Rivers that pass through Himachal Pradesh are [2010]

(a) Beas and Chenab only

(b) Beas and Ravi only

(c) Chenab, Ravi and Satluj only

(d) Beas, Chenab, Ravi, Satluj and Yamuna

160. When you travel in certain parts of India, you will notice red soil, What is the main reason for this colour? [2010]

(a) Abundance of magneisum

(b) Accumulated humus

(c) Presence of ferric ox ides

(d) Abundance of phosphates

161. Which one of the following is the appropriate reason for considering the Gondwana rocks as most important of rock systems of India? [2010]

(a) More than 90% of limestone reserves of India are found in them

(b) More than 90% of India's coal reserves are found in them

(c) More than 90% of fertile black cotton soils are spread over them

(d) None of the reasons given above is appropriate in this context

162. Which one of the following pairs is nut correctly matched? [2010]

Dam Lake River

(a) Govind Sagar : Satluj

(b) KolleruLake : Krishna

(c) Ukai Reservoir : Tapi

(d) WularLake : Jhelum

163. If there were no Himalayan ranges, what would have been the most likely geographical impact on India? [2010]

1. Much of the country would experience the cold waves from Siberia.

2. Indo-gangetic plain would be devoid of such extenisve alluvial soils.

3. The pattern of monsoon would be different from what it is at present.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 3 only

(c) 2 and 3 only.

(d) 1,2 and 3

164. The latitudes that pass through Sikkim also pass through [2010]

(a) Rajasthan

(b) Punjab

(c) Himachal Pradesh

(d) Jammu & Kashmir

165. What are the possible limitations of India in mitigating the global warming at present and in the immediate future? [2010]

1. Appropriate alternate technologies are not sufficiently available

2. India cannot invest huge funds in research and development

3. Many developed countries have already set up their polluting industries in India

Which of the statements given above is/ are correct

(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only (d) 1,2 and 3

166. The approximate representation of land use classification in India is [2010]

(a) Net area sown, 25 %, forests 33%, other areas 42%

(b) Net area sown 58%, forests 17%, other areas 25 %

(c) Net area sown 43%; forests 29%, other areas 28 %

(d) Net area sown 47%, forests 23%, other areas 30%

167. Consider the following which can be found in the ambient atmosphere [2010]

1. Soot

2. Sulphur hexafluoride

3. Water vapour

Which of the above contribute to the warming up of the atmosphere?

(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 3 only

(c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3.

Answers:

122. (c) Each of Andhra Pradesh and Karnatka shares boundaries with maximum number of Indian states.

123. (b)

124. (d) Indravati national Park is located in Bastar region. The park is situated at the distance of 22.4 km north from the Jagadalpur-Bhopalpattan road.

125. (a) Guru Sikhar Peak is located in the highest point in Rajasthan. The altitude of peak 5676 feet (1722 mt).

126. (b)

127. (b) Red Panda is found in Mountains of Nepal, north­eastern India, China, Bhutan and Slow Loris lives in dense forest of north-east, dense forest of Assam.

128. (b) Mahogany is a species of tree which found through­ out the Caribbean, central and south America, not in Himalayas.

129. (c) Nilgiri hills are found at the junction of the eastern and western ghats of the Sahayadri hills. The heights of the hills range varies between 2,280 and 2,290 metres.

130. (d) The tributaries of Brahmaputra in India the Manas, Pagladiya, Puthimari, Dhanisri, Jia Bhariti, Subansiri, etc.

131. (c) Salt water crocodile was common and found throughout the Andaman and Nicobar Islands occuring in the mangrove habitats and shrew and tapir are found in western ghats of the Malabar region.

132. (a) Namchik-Namphuk coal fields is located in Arunachal Pradesh.

133. (d) The minerals deposits in Chhatisgarh is Bauxite (96 million ton), Dolomite (606 million ton), & Iron ore (2336 million ton). Tin is not found in Chhatisgarh.

134. (b) The Tehri Hydro Power complex is located on the Bagirathi river of Uttar Pradesh.

135. (b) Shivasamudram falls is located on river Cauvery and Jog water fall is the highest water fall in India of 253 metres on Sharawati river.

136. (d) Damanganga water project is present in Gujarat, Girna irrigation project is present in Jalgaon area of Maharastra and Pamba river is located in Kerala.

137. (d) Chikmagalur is famous for coffee production and Mandya is famous for sugar and paper production.

138. (c) Tapovan and Vishnugarh Hydroelectric project is located in Chamoli district of Uttarakhand.

139. (d) According to census of 2001 of India, the population of Ludhiana is 1,398,467, Surat is 2,433,835, Nagpur is 2,052,066.

140. (c) Assam is the state has maximum number of National Park.

141. (a) Eastern Himalayas and Eastern Mediterranean region are Biodiversity hotspots.

142. (d) Rajasthan has the largest inland saline wetland.

143. (b) Dahej is a not a major port of India.

144. (b) The Dul Hasti Power Station is based on Chenab river.

145. (c) Putrajaya is new federal administrative centre of Malaysia.

146. (c) In India, the south-east monsoon causes high rainfall in east Himalayan region.

147. (d) Sutlej originates from the central Sulaiman range in Pakistan.

148. (a) Amarkantak is the origin of River Narmada and Sone.

149. (d) India deposits 12% of thorium of world's thorium.

150. (d) Three east flowing rivers found in Kerala. Tapti, Narmada and Mahi rivers flows westward, and these rivers also fiows through Madhya Pradesh.

151. (c) The fix boundary of a national park is described in the wild life protection act, 1972. The legislation says the actual area of the national park can be notified by the state government. A biosphere reserve conserves an ecosystem and no just few specific species of plants and animals.

152. (c)

153. (b)

154. (d) Ramsar convention describes to conserve all the sites through ecosystem approach and allow their simulta-neous sustainable use.

155. (b)

156. (c) In India tropical moist decidious forest occupies the largest area. It includes Deccan plateau, the north east­ern region of Deccan plateau and in lower slopes of Himalayas and covers the part of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Bihar, Chhatisgarh, Jharkhand, Karnataka and Kerala.

157. (b) The predominant soil in Tamil Nadu is red and red soil supports cotton cultivation and rich pool of skilled labour is available in Tamil Nadu.

158. (a) About 2.75 percent of water is fresh water in earth and about 95% is frozen in glacier. Less than 1% of the world's fresh water is readily accesisble.

159. (d) Rivers like Beas, Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej and Yamuna passes through Himachal Pradesh.

160. (c) Red soil in India is largely found in Deccan plateau. It is mainly seen in the district of periyar and salem in the state of Tamilnadu. Red soil is less clayey and sandier in nature and has a rich content in iron and small humas. Red soil is also known as yellow soil. The presence of iron oxide is responisble for giving this yellowish or reddish shade.

161. (b) More than 90% of India's coal reserves are found in Gondwana rock system of India.

162. (b) Kolleru lake one ofthe largest shallow fresh water lakes in Asia, is located between Krishna delta and the Godavari in Andhra Pradesh.

163. (d) All the statements given in the question is correct.

164. (a) The latitude that Passes through Sikkim also pass through Rajasthan.

165. (a) Global warming is the increase in the average temperature of Earth's near-surface air and oceans by increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases, which result from human activity such as the burning of fossil fuel and deforestation. Climate change mitigation is action to decrease the potential effects of global warming. At a time rate of mitigation is less in India because appropriate technologies available are very less and costly. Moreover India don't have such high funds required for research and development in that area.

166. (d) The approximate representation of land use is classified as net area sown 47%, forests 23%, other areas 30%.

167. (d) Ambient temperature simply means "the temperature of the surroundings" and will be the same as room temperature indoor the common range of20°C (68°F) to 27°C (80 °F). Similarly, ambient pressure on an object is the pressure of the surrounding medium, such as a gas or liquid, which comes into contact with the object. The soot sulphur hexaflouride, soot and water vapour all three can be found at ambient atmosphere which corresponds to ambient temperature and pressure.