50 Objective Questions on Geography of India Part-1 (Civil Service Examination)

1. The alpine vegetation in the Western Himalayas is found only up to a height of 3000 metres while in the Eastern Himalayas it is found up to a height of 4000 metres. The reason for this variation in the same mountain range is that: [1995]

(a) Eastern Himalayas are higher than Western Himalayas

(b) Eastern Himalayas as are nearer to the equator and sea coast than Western Himalayas

(c) Eastern Himalayas get more monsoon rainfall than the Western Himalayas

(d) Eastern Himalayan rocks are more fertile than the Western Himalayan rocks

4. Monoculture of commercially viable trees is destroying the unique natural profile of - Thoughtless exploitation of timber, deforesting vast, tracts for palm cultivation, destruction of mangroves illegal logging by tribal's and poaching only compound the problem. Fresh water pockets are fast drying up due to deforestation and Gestruction of mangroves". The place referred to this quotation is: [1995]

(a) Sunderbans (b) Kerala coast

(c) Orissa coast

(d) Andaman and Nicobar Island

5. The palaeomagnetic results obtained from India indicate that in the past, the Indian land mass has moved: [1995]

(a) northward (b) southward

(c) eastward (d) westward

7. The Indian subcontinent was originally part a huge mass called: [1995]

(a) Jurassic land mass (b) Aryavarta

(c) Indiana (d) Gondwana continent

8. Which one of the following mountain ranges is spread over only one State in India? [1995]

(a) Aravalli (b) Satpura

(c) Ajanta (d) Sahvadri

9. The National Highway from Amritsar to Calcutta via Delhi is numbered: [1995]

(a) 1 (b) 2

(c) 4 (d) 8

(a) Ladakh, Zanskar, Karakoram and Pri Panjal

(b) Karakoram, Ladakh, Zanskar and Pir Panjal

(c) Karakoram, Zanskar, Pir Panjal and Ladakh

(d) Ladakh, Pir Panjal, Karakoram and Zanskar

11. High temperature and low pressure over the Indian Subcontinent during the summer season draws air from the Indian Ocean leading to the in-blowing of the: [1996]

(a) Southeast monsoon

(b) Southwest monsoon -

(c) Trade winds

(d) Westerlies

12. Match List (Ores) with List II (States where they are mined) and select the correct answer: [1996]

List I List II

A. Manganese 1. Madhya Pradesh

B. Nickel 2. Orissa

C. Lead-zinc 3. Rajasthan

D. Asbestos 4. Andhra Pradesh Codes:

(a) A-1; B-3; C-3; D-4

(b) A-4; B-3; C-2; D-1

(c) A- 1; B- 2; C-3; D-4

(d) A-4; B- 2; C-3; D- 1

13. Which of the following pairs are correctly matched? [1996]

1. Idukki: Thermal power station

2. Sabarigiri : Hydro-electric project

3. Ghatprabha : Irrigation project

4. Ramganga : Multipurpose project

(a) 2, 3 and 4 (b) 1, 2, 3 and 4

(c) 3 and 4 (d) 1 and 2

14. Which one of the following areas of India produces largest amount of cotton? [1996]

(a) North Western India and Gangetic West Bengal

(b) North Western and Western India

(c) Western and Southern India

(d) Plains of Northern India.

15. "You might see a few curious Danes around, but that is because-used to be Danish outpost. This quaint town with its fort and a beautiful church, the New Jerusalem, empty streets and deserted beach front is a quaint gem." The place referred to in this quotation lies on the: [1996]

(a) Tamil Nadu coast (b) Kerala coast

(c) Karnataka coast (d) Goa coast

16. Consider the following rivers: [1996]

1. Kishenganga 2. Ganga

3. Wainganga 4. Penganga

The correct sequence of these rivers when arranged in the north-south direction is

(a) 1,2,3,4 (b) 2,1,3,4

(c) 2,1,4,3 (d) 1,2,4,3

17. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer: [1997]

List I (Climatic conditions)

A. Madras is warmer than Calcutta

B. Snowfall in Himalayas

C. Rainfall decreases from West Bengal to Punjab

D. Sutlej-Ganga Plain gets some rain in winter

List II (Reasons)

1. North-East Monsoon

2. Altitude

3. Western depressions

4. Distance from sea

5. Latitude

Codes:

(a) A-1;B-2;C-4;D-5

(b) A-4; B -5; C- 1; D-3

(c) A-5;B -2;C-4;D-3 (d) A -5; B - 1; C - 3; D -4

18. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer:

List I

A. Deccan Traps

B. Western Ghats

C. Aravalli

D. Narmada-Tapi alluvial deposits

List II

1.Late cenozoic

2. Pre-cambrian

3. Cretaceous Eocene

4.Cambrian

5. Pleistocene

Codes:

(a) A-3; B -5; C- 1; D-4

(b) A-3; B-1; C-2; D-5

(c) A - 2; 6 - 1; C - 3; D - 4

(d) A-l; B -4; C -2; D-5

19. The January isotherm taken as a basis for dividing India in! tropical and subtropical zones is : [199

(a) 21°C (b) 180°C

(c) 12°C (d) 15°C

20. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer. [1997]

List I (Minerals)

A. Coal

B. Gold

C. Mica

D. Manganese

List II (Typical areas of occurrence)

1. Bhandara

2. Karanpura

3. Hutti

4. Nellore

Codes:

(a) A-1;B-3; C-2; D-4

(b) A-2; B - 3; C -4; D- 1

(c) A-3; B-4; C-2; D- 1

(d) A-2; B- 1;C-4; D-3

21. The Alamatti is on the river: [1997]

(a) Godavari (b) Kavery

(c) Krishna (d) Mahanadi

23. The canal-carrying capacity of Farrakka is: [1997]

(a) 75,000 Cusecs (b) 70,000 Cusecs

(c) 40,000 Cusecs (d) 35,000 Cusecs

24. Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched? [1997]

(a) Teak: Jammu and Kashmir

(b) Deodar: Madhya Pradesh

(c) Sandalwood: Kerala

(d) Sundari: West Bengal

26. The tribal population in Andaman and Nicobar islands belongs to the: [1997]

(a) Australoid race (b) Caucasoid race

(c) Mongoloid race (d) Negroid race

28. Which one of the following east flowing rivers of India has rift valley due to down warping? [1998]

(a) Damodar (b) Mahanadi

(c) Son (d) Yamuna

31. Match List 1 with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: [1998]

List I (Mineral)

A. Graphite

B. Lead

C. Salt

D. Silver

List II (Mining area)

1. Bellary

2. Didwana

3. Rampa

4. Zawar

Codes:

(a) A-3;B-4;C-1;D-2

(b) A-1;B-4;C-2; D-3

(c) A-3; B-1;C-4; D-2

(d) A-2; B-3; C-1; D-4

32. The discovery of Oak flora in 1966 added a new chapter to the history of Indian Sericulture. Which one of the following states is the leading producer of Oak tasar silk? [1998]

(a) Assam (b) Bihar

(c) Manipur (d) Orissa

33. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: [1998]

List-I (Places)

A. Jamnagar

B. Hospet

C. Korba

D.Haldia

List-II (Industries)

1. Aluminium

2. Woollen Textile

3. Fertilizers

4. Cement

5. Iron & Steel

Codes

(a) A-4; B-3; C-1; D-2 (b) A-2; B-5; C-1; D-3

(c) A-4;B-5;C-2;D-1 (d) A-2; B-1; C-4; D-3

34. In the vicinity of Mumbai, a number of specialised towns have been developed. Match the list of specialisation with town and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists. [1998]

List-I (Towns)

A. Alibag

2. Balapur

3. Nhava Sheva

4. Rantagiri

List-II (Specialisation)

1. Fishing Centre

2. Holiday resort

3. Petro-chemical complex

4. Port

(a)A-1; B-3; C-2; D-4 (b) A-2; B-3;C-4;D-1

(c) A-3; B-4; C-2; D-1 (d) A-2; B-1; C-4; D-3

35. What is the correct sequence of the following Indian states in descending order of their length of surface roads per 100 km2 of their areas? [1998]

1. Haryana 2. Maharashtra

3. Punjab 4. Tamil Nadu

Select the correct answer using the codes given below: Codes:

(a) 4,3,2,1. (b) 4,3,1,2

(c) 3,4,1,2 (d) 3,4,2,1

37. Some people in Manipur live in house built on floating islands of weeds and decaying vegetation held together by suspended silt. These lands are called: [1998]

(a) Tipis (b) Barkhans

(c) Phoomdis (d) Izba

40. Which one of the following sets of states to benefit the most from the Konkan Railway? [1998]

(a) Goa, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Kerala

(b) Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Kerala

(c) Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Goa, Maharashtra

(d) Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Tamil Nadu

41. Which one of the following pairs of cities has recently been connected through a 6-lane express way? [1998]

(a) Ahmedabad : Vadodara

(b) Dhake : Chittagong

(c) Islamabad : Lahore

(d) Mumbai Pune

42. "India has the largest population of the Asian X. Today, there are just about 20,000 to 25,000 X in their natural habitat spreading across the evergreen forests, dry thorn forest, swamps and grasslands. Their prime habitats, are however the moist deciduous forests. The X population in India ranges from North-West India where they are found in the forest divisions of Dehradun. Bijnor and National districts of UP to the Western Ghats in the states of Karnataka and Kerala and in Tamil Nadu.

In Central India, their population distributed in Southern Bihar and Orissa. In the East, they are seen in North Bengal, Assam and a few other states." [1999]

The animal "X" referred to in this quotation is:

(a) lion (b) elephant

(c) tiger (d) one-horned rhinoceros

43. The minimum land area recommended for forest cover to maintain proper ecological balance in India in: [1999]

(a) 25% (b) 33%

(c) 43% (d) 53%

46. The first marine sanctuary in India, within its bounds coral reefs, mollusca, dolphins, tortoises and various kinds of sea birds, has been established in: [1999]

(a) Sundarbans (b) ChilkaLake

(c) Gulf of Kachchh (d) Lakshadweep

47. Which one of the following pairs of states and tribes is not correctly matched? [1999]

(a) Assam : Miri

(b) Nagaland : Konyak

(c) Arunachal : Apatani

(d) Madhya Pradesh : Lambada

49. If it 10.00 am. I.S.T., then what would be the local time at Shillong on 92° E longitude? [1999]

(a) 9.38 a.m. (b) 10.38 a.m.

(c) 10.22 a.m. (d) 9.22 a.m.

50. The Ravva offshore block, with great potential for oil, is located in: [1999]

(a) Krishna-Godavari basin

(b) Cauvery basin

(c) Mahanadi basin

(d) Palar-Pennar basin

52. Which one of the following statements is not true? [2000]

(a) Ghaggar's water is utilised in the Indira Gandhi Canal

(b) Narmada rises from Amarkantak region

(c) Nizam Sagar is situated on the Manjra river

(d) Penganga is a tributary of the Godavari

55. Assertion (A) : The frequency of floods in North Indian plains has increased during the last couple of decades. . Reason (R): There has been reduction in the depth of river valleys due to deposition of silt. [2000]

(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

(b) Both A and R are true but R is NOT a correct explanation of A

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true

56. Assertion (A): Ganga plain is the most densely populated part of India.

Reason (R): Ganga is the most harnessed river of India. [2000]

(a)Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

(b) Both A and R are true but R is NOT a correct explanation of A

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true

59. Mekong Ganga Co-operation Project is: [2001]

(a) an irrigation project involving India and Myanmar

(b) a joint tourism initiative of some Asian countries

(c) a hydroelectric power project involving India, Bang­ladesh and Myanmar

(d) a defence and security agreement of India with its eastern neighbours

60. Assertion (A): Anti-cyclonic conditions are formed in winter season when atmospheric pressure is high and air temperatures are low.

Reason (R): Winter rainfall in Northern India causes development of anticyclonic conditions with low temperatures. [2001]

(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

(b) Both A and R are true but R is NOT a correct explanation of A

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true

61. Consider the following statements regarding power sector in India: [2001]

1. The installed capacity of power generation is around 95000 MW

2. Nuclear plants contribute nearly 15% of total power generation

3. Hydroelectricity plants contribute nearly 40% of total power generation

4. Thermal plants at present account for nearly 80% of total power generation

Which of the statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only (b) 2 and 3

(c) 3 and 4 (d) 1 and 4

62. The approximate age of the Aravallis range is: [2001]

(a) 370 million years

(b) 470 million years

(c) 570 million years

(d) 670 million years

63. The correct sequence of the eastward flowing rivers of the peninsular India from north to south is: [2002]

(a) Subarnarekha, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, Pennar, Cauvery and Vagai

(b) Subarnarekha, Mahanadi, Krishna, Godavari, Cauvery and Vagai

(c) Mahanadi, Subarnarekha, Godavari, Krishna, Cauvery, Pennar and Vagai

(d) Mahanadi, Subarnarekha, Krishna, Godavari, Cauvery, Vagai and Pennar.

64. With reference to Indian transport systems, consider the following statements: [2002]

1. Indian railway system is the largest in the world

2. National Highways cater to 45 percent of the total and transport demand

3. Among the states, Kerala has the highest density of surface road

4. National Highway No.7 is the longest in the country.

Which of these statements are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 (b), 1 and 3

(c) 2 and 3 (d) 2 and 4

65. The average annual temperature of a meteorological station is 26°C, its average annual rainfall is 63 cm and the annual range temperature is 9°C. The station in question is: [2002]

(a) Allahabad (b) Chennai

(c) Cherrapunji (d) Kolkata

66. The sea coast of which one of the following states has become famous as a nesting place for the giant Olive Ridley turtles from South America? [2002]

(a) Goa (b) Gujarat

(c) Orissa (d) Tamil Nadu

67. With reference to India, which one of the following statements is not correct? [2002]

(a) About one-third of the area of the country records more than 750 millimetres of annual rainfall

(b) The dominant source of irrigation in the country is wells

(c) Alluvial soil is the predominant type of soil in northern plains of the country

(d) The mountain areas account for about thirty percent of the surface area of the country.

68. Open stunted forests with bushes and small trees having long roots and sharp thorns or sharp thorns or spines are commonly found in: [2002]

(a) Eastern Orissa

(b) North-Eastern Tamil Nadu

(c) Siwaliks and Terai region

(d) Western Andhra Pradesh

69. Match List-I (Mangrove) with List II (State) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: [2002]

List I (Mangroove) List II (State)

A. Achra Ratnagiri 1. Karnataka

B. Coondapur 2. Kerala

C. Pichavaram 3. Andhra Pradesh

D. Vembanad 4. Maharashtra

5. Tamil Nadu

Codes:

(a) A-2; B-1; C-5; D-4

(b) A-4; B-5; C-3; D-2

(c) A-2; B-5; C-3; D-4

(d) A-4; B-1;C-5; D-2

70. What is the correct sequence of the rivers-Godavari, Mahanadi, Narmada and Tapi in the descending order of their lengths? [2003]

(a) Godavari-Mahanadi-Narmada-Tapi

(b) Godavari-Narmada-Mahanadi-Tapi

(c) Narmada-Godavari-Tapi-Mahanadi

(d) Narmada-Tapi-Godavari-Mahanadi

1. (c) The alpine vegetation in eastern Himalayas is found only upto 3000 meters because in eastern Himalayas the monsoon rainfall is higher than western Himalayas.

4. (a) The quotation referred to Sundarban of West Bengal. Sundarban is famous for mangrove forest and tiger. It is present at the delta region of Ganga. Sundarban is world's largest delta of world.

5. (a) The palaeomagnetic results indicates that, the Indian landmass has moved to northward.

7. (d) Most of the geologists believes that the Indian peninsula was a part of the global Gondwana land (continent) which drifted northwards and India, Africa and other parts separated.

8. (c) Ajanta mountain range a short mountain range, which spreads within Maharashtra. Aravalli mountain range spreads in western India and eastern Pakistan. Satpura range is a mountain range starts from the state of Gujarat and extends to Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh & Maharashtra.

9. (b) National Highway from Amritsar to Calcutta via Delhi is called National highway No.2. It was called Grand Trunk road and was made by Sher Shah.

11. (b) Due to the intensive low pressure belt developed in the north-western plains, the south-west monsoon enters the Indian sub continent. It blows from Bay of Bengal and the Arabian sea.

12. (c) The state which are produce maximum amount of Ores are:-

Ores State

A. Manganese 1. Madhya Pradesh

B. Nickel 2. Orissa

C. Lead-Zinc 3. Rajasthan

D. Asbestos 4. Andhra Pradesh

13. (a) Idukki is a hydro-electric project of Kerala. So, the '1' option is not correct.

14. (c) Western and southern India produces the large amount of cotton. The states like Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh. Tamil Nadu and Karnataka are the major state where cotton is grown.

15. (a) The quotation refers the place Transquebar of TamilNadu. In 1620 A.D. Danes established their settlement.

16. (a) Kishenganga river is called Neelam river of central area of Jammu & Kashmir. Ganga river originates from Gangotri, it flows the Indian States of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal.

Wainganga originates about 12 km from Mundara village of Seoni district in southern slopes of Satpura range of Madhya Pradesh.

17. (c) Madras is warmer than Calcutta, because Madras is situated between 12-16°N latitude whereas Calcutta is situated between 20-24°N latitude. Snow fall occurs in Himalayas due to higher altitude. Rainfall decreases from West Bengal to Punjab due to distance from the sea because the monsoon rainfall decreases as increase in distance from the sea. Sutlej-Ganga plan gets some rain in winter due to western depressions.

18. (b) Major Peninsular Geological Eras and Periods

(i) Decan Traps - Cretaceous eras

(ii) Western Ghats - Late cenozoic eras

(iii) Aravalli - Pre cambrian eras

(iv) Narmada-Tapti - Pleistocene period alluvial deposits

19. (d) The January isotherm taken as a basis for dividing India into tropical and subtropical zones is 15°C.

20. (b) Coal is found in Karanpura of Jharkhand. Gold is found in mines of Hutti in Karnataka. Mica is found in Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh. Manganese is found in Bhandara of Maharashtra.

21. (c) The Alamatti is build on the river Krishna. It is a multipurpose project, the water used in canal irrigation and hydroelectric production.

23. (c) The canal carrying capacity ol'Faracca barrage is 40,000 cusec. Faracca barrage is 224 5 metre long barrage across the river Ganga.

24. (d) Sunderi tree is found in Sunderban area of West Bengal. Sunderban is a largest wetland area of world. Sunderban got its name itself due to abundance of 'Sunderi' tree in this area.

26. (d) The tribal population of Andaman and Nicobar belong to Negroid race and a small population of Shompen and Nicobars are Mongloid descent.

27. (b)

28. (a) Damodar is the east (lowing river has rift valley due to down warping. Down warp denotes a segment of the earth's crust that is broadly bent downward.

31. (a) List I(Minerals) List II(Mining area)

Graphite Rampa

Lead Zawar

Salt Bellary

Silver Didwana

32. (a) The Oak Tasar silk is highly produced in Assam, which is used in Sericulture. The Oak flora discovered in 1966 in Assam.

33. (b) Places Industries State

A. Jamnagar Woolen textiles Gujarat

B. Hospet Iron and Steel Industry

C. Korba Aluminium Industry Chhatisgarh

D. Haldia Fertilizers Assam

34. (b) In the vicinity of Mumbai, a number of specialised town's have been developed. AIibag is specialised town for holiday resort. Balapur is a petrochemical complex. Nhava Sheva is a port and Ratnagiri is a fishing centre.

35. (a) Arrangement of descending order of the surface roads per 100 sq. km of their area.

Tamil Nadu has 158.78 km, Punjab has 127.78 km, Maharashtra has 117.61 km, Haryana has 63.70 km.

36. (b)

37. (c) Some people in Manipur live in house built on floating Islands of weeds and decaying vegetation held together by suspended silt. These Islands are called "Phoomdis".

40. (a) Konkan Railway route connects Roha in Maharashtra with Mangalore in Karnataka. Konkan Railway established with partnership of three states Maharashtra, Goa and Karnataka. The state of Goa, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Kerala would benefit most from Konkan railway.

41. (d) Mumbai and Pune has been connected through 6-lane express way.

42. (d)

43. (b) For proper ecological balance 33% of forest land is recommended, but in India we have only 20.14% of forest.

46. (d) Lakshadweep is situated in the Bay of Bengal of Indian shores. It is India's first marine sanctuary. It gives conservation of coral reefs and other biodiversity.

47. (d) Lambada tribes are found in Rajasthan, not in Madhya Pradesh.

49. (b)

50. (a) The Ravva offshore block is present at Krishna-Godavari basin of Andhra Pradesh. It is the area of great reserve of petroleum and natural gas.

52. (a) Indira Gandhi Canal originated from Harike Barrage at Sultanpur on Sutlej but Ghaggar is a tributary of river Saraswati, which ends in Thar desert.

54. (c) MundasarethetribalsofJharkhand, not Chhota Nagpur of Madhya Pradesh.

55. (a) Siltation is the process of deposition of silt on the river bed through rain water, by which the depth of the river reduces. So the flood water crosses the river embankment, by which flood causes in most part of North India.

56. (b) The Ganga plain is most important plain of India. The gangetic plain covers more than a fourth of the country's total surface. The alluvial fertile soil is very helpful for cultivation of different cereals, pulses and nuts. So, most of the population resides in this plain area.

59. (b) Mekong Ganga cooperation project is a joint tourism initiative ofSouth-EastAsia. Mekong is a river of China, whereas Ganga is a river of India.

60. (a) Both assertion and reasons are true and reason is correct explanation of assertion. In north India, a feeble high-pressure region develops, with light winds moving outwards from this area. Influenced by the relief, these winds blow through the Ganga valley from west and north west, which forms an anti cyclonic condition in northern part of India.

61. (a) According to the data of the year 2000, the power generation is 95000 MW. In which nuclear plants contribute 2% of total power generation. Hydroelectricity plants contribute 25% of total produc­tion and 73% contributes of thermal power plant.

62. (a) The Aravalis range is the oldest mountain in India. The approximate age of the Aravallis range is 370 million years.

63. (a) The correct sequence of eastward flowing river of the peninsular India from north to south is Subarnarekha, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, Pennar, Cauvery and Vagai.

64. (d) Indian railway is the fourth largest railway in the world after USA, Russia and China. National Highways is nearly 2% (1.96%) of total roads, but it carries nearly 40 -45% of road traffic of India.

Maharastra has the highest density of the surface roads, not Kerala, National Highway No. 7 is the longest in the country which joins Varanasi to Kanyakumari.

65. (b) The climatic condition of Chennai refers the tropical savanna type where the average annual-temperature of meterological station is 26°C and average rainfall is 63 cm and annual range temperature is 9°C.

66. (c) The sea coast of Orissa has become famous as a nesting place for giant olive Ridley turtles from South America.

67. (b) With reference to India, the dominant source of irrigation in country is by canals, about 45% land is irrigated by canals.

68. (d) Open stunted forests with bushes and small trees having long roots and sharp thorns or spines are commonly found in the area where the rainfall is less than 80 cm. This area having are found in Rajastan, Gujarat, Haryana and western Andhra Pradesh.

69. (d) Achra Ratnagiri Mangroove is in Maharashtra, Coodnapur Mangrove is in Karnataka, Pichavaram Mangroove is in Tamil Nadu and Vembanad Mangroove' is in Kerala.

70. (b) The correct sequence of the river in descending order of their lengths are Godavari (1465 km), Narmada (1312 km), Mahanadi (858 km) and Tapti (724 km).