50 Objectives Question on Indian National Movement Part- 1 (Civil Service Examination)

1. The redical wing of the Congress Party with Jawaharlal Nehru as one of its main leaders, founded the 'independence for India League in opposition to [1995]

(a) the Finance Commission

(b) the National Development Council

(c) Nehru Report

(d) the Constitution of India

2. Which one of the following was an emigree Communist journal of M.N. Roy? [1995]

(a) Kisan Sahba (b) The Worker

(c) Vanguard (d) Anushilan

3. What is the correct sequence of the following events?

1. The Lucknow Pact [1995]

2. The Introduction on Dyarchy

3. The Rowlatt Act

4. The Partition of Bengal Codes:

(a) 1,3,2,4 (b) 4,1,3,2

(c) 1,2,3,4 (d) 4,3,2,1

4. The Barrah dacoity was the first major venture of the revolutionary terrorists of the freedom movement in:

(a) Bombay-Karnataka [1995]

(b) Punjab

(c) East Bengal

(d) The Madras Presidency

5. In 1930, Maliatma Gandhi started Civil Disobedience Movement from: [1995]

(a) Sevagram (b) Dandi

(c) Sabarmati (d) Wardha

6. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched? [1995]

(a) Jamnalal Bajaj-Satyagraha Ashram at Wardha

(b) Dadabhai Naoroji-Bombay Association

(c) Lala Lajpat Rai-National School at Lahore

(d) Bal Gangadhar Tilak-Satya Shodhak Sabha

7. The Sarabandi (no tax) campaign of 1922 was led by:

(a) Bhagat Singh (b) Chittaranjan Das [1996]

(c) Rajaguru (d) Vallabhbhai Patel

8. Which one of the following first mooted the idea of a constituent assembly to frame a constitution for India?

(a) Swaraj Party in 1934 [1996]

(b) Congress Party in 1936

(c) Muslims League in 1942

(d) All Parties Conference in 1946

9. Given below are two statements, one labelled as Assertion (A) and the other labelled as Reason (R). [1996]

Assertion (A): The British sovereignty continued to exist in free India.

Reason (R): The British sovereign appointment the last Governor General of free India.

In the context of the above two statements, which one of the following is correct?

(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation ofA

(b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation ofA

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true

10. Who among the following leaders did not believe in the drain theory of Dadabhai Naoroji? [1996]

(a) B.G Tilak (b) R.C.Dutt

(c) M.G Ranade (d) Sir Syed Ahmed Khan

11. B.R. Ambedkar was elected to the Constituent Assembly from: [1996]

(a) West Bengal

(b) the Bombay President

(c) the then Madhya Bharat

(d) Punjab

12. The Anarchical and Revolutionary Crime Act (1919) was popularly known as the: [1996]

(a) Rowlatt Act (b) Pitt's India Act

(c) Indian Arms Act (d) Ilbert Bill

13. The meeting of Indian and British political leaders during 1930-32 in London has often been referred to as the First, Second and Third Round Table Conferences. It would be incorrect to refer to them as such because: [1996]

(a) The Indian National Congress did not take part in two of them

(b) Indian parties other than the Indian National Congress, participating in the conference represented sectional interests and not the whole oflndia

(c) The British Labour Party had withdrawn from the conference thereby making the proceeding of the conference partisan

(d) It was an instance of a conference held in three session and not that of three separate conference

14. Who among the following was a prominent leader of the Congress Socialist Party? [1996]

(a) M.N.Roy

(b) Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi

(c) Pattam Thanu Pillai

(d) Acharya Narendra Dev

15. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer: [1996]

List I List II

A. Surendranath Banerjee 1. Hind Swaraj

B. M.K. Gandhi 2. Indian Struggle

C. Subhash Chandra Bose 3. Autobiographical

D. Lajpat Rai 4. A nation in making

Codes:

(a) A-4; B-1; C-3; D-2

(b) A-1; B -4; C -3; D-2

(c) A-4; B-1; C-2; D-3

(d) A -1; B -4; C-2; D-3

16. Consider the following statements about Jawaharlal Nehru: [1996]

1. He was the president of the Congress Party in 1947

2. He presided over the Constituent Assembly

3. He formed the first Congress ministry in United Province before India's independence

Of these statements:

(a) 1, 2 and 3 are correct

(b) 1 and 3 are correct

(c) 1 and 2 are correct

(d) None is correct

17. Which one of the following is not correct' about the Cabinet Mission Plan? [1996]

(a) Provincial grouping

(b) Interim Cabinet of Indians

(c) Acceptance of Pakistan

(d) Constitution framing right

18. Match List I with List II and selct the correct answer: [1996]

List I

A. Abhinav Bharat Society

B. Anushilan Samiti

C. Gadar Party

D. Swaraj Party

List II

1. Sri Aurobindo Ghosh

2. Lala Hardayal

3. C.R. Das

4. V.D. Savarkar

Codes:

(a) A-4; B-1; C -3; D-2

(b) A-1; B-4; C-3; D-2

(c) A-1; B-4; C-2; D-3

19. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: [1996]

List I (Period)

A. 1883

B. 1906

C. 1927

D. 1932

List II

1. Announcement of Communal Award from Whitehall

2. Formation of the All India State Peoples Conference

3. Foundation of Muslim League at Dacca

4. First session of the National Conference at Calcutta

Codes:

(a) A-4; B-3; C-1; D-2

(b) A-3; B-4; C-1; D-2

(c) A-4; B-3; C-2; D-1

(d) A-3; B-4; C-2; D-1

20. Consider the following statements: [1996]

The Non-Cooperation Movement led to the:

1. Congress becoming a mass movement for the first time

2. Growth of Hindu-Muslims unity

3. Removal of fear of the British might from the minds of the people

4. British government's willingness to grant political concessions to Indians

Of these statements:

(a) 1, 2, 3 and 4 are correct

(b) 2 and 3 are correct

(c) 1 and 3 are correct

(d) 3 and 4 are correct

21. Who among the following suggested the winding up of the Indian National Congress after India attained independence?

(a) C. Rajagopalachari (b) Achrya Kripalani

(c) Mahatma Gandhi (d) Jayaprakash Narain

22. Match List I with II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: [1997]

List I

A. Butler Committee

B. Hurtog Committee

C. Hunter Inquiry

D. Muddiman

List II

1. Jalianwala Bagh massacre

2. Relationship between the Indian State and Paramount Power

3. Working of Dyarchy as laid down in the Montague- Chelmsford Reforms

4. The growth of education in British India and potentialities of its further progress

Codes:

(a) A-3; B-2; C-1; D-4

(b) A-1; B-4; C-2; D-3

(c) A-2; B-1; C-3; D-4

(d) A-2; B-4;C-1; D-3

23. "A graduate at 18, professor and associate editor of the Sudharak at 20. Secretary of the Sarvajanik Sabha and of the Provincial Conference at 25, Secretary of the National Congress at 29, leading witness before an important Royal Commission at 31, Provincial legislator at 34, Imperial legislator at 36, President of the Indian National Congress at 39..a patriot whom Mahatma Gandhi himself regarded as his master". [1997]

This is how a biographer describes:

(a) Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya

(b) Mahadev Govind Ranade

(c) Gopal Krishna Gokhale

(d) BalGangadhar Tilak

24. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer (using the codes given below the lists): [1997]

List I (Events)

List II (Results)

A.

Morley Minto

1.

Country-wise agitation

Reforms

B.

Simon Commission

2.

Withdrawal of a movement

C.

The Chauri-Chaura incident

3.

Communal Electrorates

D.

The Dandi March

4.

Communal outbreaks

5.

Illegal manufactures of salt

Codes:

(a) A-3; B-4; C-5; D-2

(b) A-4; B - 1; C-2; D-3

(c) A-2; B-3; C-4; D-5

(d) A-3; B-1;C-2;D-5

25. The Poona Pact which was signed between the British Government and Mahatma Gandhi in 1934 provided for:

(a) the creation of dominion status for India [1997]

(b) separate electorates for the Muslims

(c) separate electorate for the Harijans

(d) joint electorate with reservation for Harijans

26. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: [1997]

List I List II

A. Surat Split 1. 1929

B. Communal Award 2.1928

C. All Party Convention 3. 1932

D. Poorna Swaraj Resolution 4. 1907

5. 1905

Codes:

(a) A -4; B -3; C - 1; D-5

(b) A-4; B-3;C-2;D-1

(c) A-2; B-5; C -4; D- 1

(d) A - 1; B - 4; C - 2; D - 3

27. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer:

[1997]

List I

List II

A.

Chittagaon

1.

Lala Hardayal

Armoury raid

B.

Kakori Conspiracy

2.

Jatin Das

C.

Lahore Conspiracy

3.

Surya Sen

D.

Ghadar Party

4.

Ram Prasad Bismil

5.

Vasudeo Phadke

Codes:

(a) A-3; B-4; C-1; D-5

(b) A-4; B-3; C-2; D-5

(c) A-3; B-4; C-2; D-1

(d) A-2; B-4; C-3; D-1

28. M.C. Setalvad, B.N. Rao and Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer were distinguished members of the: [1997]

(a) Swaraj Party

(b) All India National Liberal Federation

(c) Madras Labour Union

(d) Servants of India Society

29. Which one of the following is not a principle of "Panch- sheel"? [1997]

(a) Non-alignment

(b) Peaceful Co-existence

(c) Mutual respect for each other's territorial integrity and sovereignty

(d) Mutual non-interference in each other's internal affairs

30. What is the correct sequence of the following events? [1998]

1. Tilak's Home Rule League

2. Karnagatamaru Incident

3. Mahatma Gandhi's arrival in India

Select the correct answer using the codes given below: Codes:

(a) 1, 2, 3 (b) 3, 2, 1

(c) 2, 1, 3 (d) 2, 3, 1

31. Simon Commission of 1927 was boycotted because: [1998]

(a) There was no Indian member in the Commission

(b) It supported the Muslim League

(c) Congress felt that the people of India are entitled to Swaraj

(d) There were differences among the members

32. The Indian Muslims, in general, were not attracted to the Extremist movement because of the: [1998]

(a) influence of Sir Sayyid Ahmed Khan

(b) anti-Muslim attitude of Extremist leaders

(c) indifference shown to Muslim aspirations

(d) extremists' policy of harping on Hindu part

33. Which one of the following events, was characterised by Montague as 'Preventive Murder'? [1998]

(a) Killing of INA activities

(b) Massacre of Jallianwala Bagh

(c) Shooting of the Mahatma

(d) Shooting of Curzon-Wythe

34. What is the correct sequence of the following events? [1998]

1. The August offer

2. The I.N.A trial

3. The Quit India Movement

4. The Royal Indian Naval Ratings' Revolt.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below: Codes:

(a) 1,3,2,4 (b) 3,1,2,4

(c) 1,3,4,2 (d) 3,1,4,2

35. Which one of the following defines extremist ideology during the early phase of Indian freedom movement? [1998]

(a) Stimulating the production of indigenous articles by giving them preference over imported commodities

(b) Obtaining self-government by aggressive means in place of petitions and constitutional ways

(c) Providing national educational according to the requirements of the country

(d) Organising coups against the British Empire through military revolt

36. Which of the following pairs are correctly matched? [1998]

1. Theodore Beck: Mohammadan Anglo Oriental College, Aligarh

2. Ilbert Bill: Ripon

3. Pherozeshah Mehta: Indian National Congress

4. BadruddinTyabji: Muslims League Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

Codes:

(a) 1, 2, 3 and 4 (b) 2 and 4

(c) 1, 3 and 4 (d) 1, 2 and 3

37. "The Congress is tottering to its fall and one of my great ambitious while in India, is to assist it to a peaceful demise.

"This statement is attributed to: [1998]

(a) LordDufferin (b) Lord Curzon

(c) Lord Lytton (d) None of the above

38. Who was the leader of the Ghaddar Party? [1998]

(a) Bhagat Singh

(b) Lala Hardayal

(c) BalGangadharTilak

(d) V.D. Savarkar

39. Lord Mountbatten came to India as a Viceroy along with specific instruction to: [1998]

(a) balkanize the Indian sub-continent

(b) keep India united if possible

(c) accept Jinnah's demand for Pakistan

(d) persuade the Congress to accept partition

40. Assertion (A): The Khilafat movement did bring the urban Muslims into the fold of the National Movement. Reason (R): There was a predominant element of anti-imperialism in both the National and Khilafat Movement. [1998]

(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

(b) Both A and R are true but R is NOT a correct explanation of A

(c) A is true both R is false

(d) A is false but R is true

41. Assertion (A): Partition of Bengal in 1905 brought to an end the Moderates' role in the Indian freedom movement. Reason (R): The Surat session of Indian National Congress separated the Extremists from the Moderates. [1998]

(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

(b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

(c) A is true both R is false

(d) A is false but R is true

42. Assertion (A): The first ever Bill to make primary education compulsory in India was rejected in 1911.

Reason (R): Discontent would have increased if every cultivator could read. [1998]

(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation ofA

(b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation ofA

(c) A is true both R is false

(d) A is false but R is true

43. Assertion (A): The Congress rejected the Cripps proposals. Reason (R): The Cripps Mission consisted solely of Whites. [1998]

(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

(b)Both A and R are true but R is NOT a correct explanation of A

(c) A is true both R is false

(d) A is false but R is true

44. Assertion (A): Gandhi stopped the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1922.

Reason (R): Violence at Chauri-Chaura led him to stop the movement. [1998]

(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation ofA

(b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation ofA

(c) A is true both R is false

(d) A is false but R is true

45. When the Indian Muslims League was inducted into the interim government in 1946, Liyaqat Ali Khan was assigned the portfolio of: [1998]

(a) foreign affairs (b) home

(c) finance (d) defence

46. The Indian National Congress agreed in 1947 to the partition of the country mainly because: [1998]

(a) the principal of two-Nation theory was then acceptable to them

(b) it was imposed by the British Government and the Congress was helpless in this regard

(c) they wanted to avoid large-scale communal riots

(d) India would have otherwise lost the opportunity to attain freedom

47. At the time of India's Independence, Mahatma Gandhi was: [1998]

(a) a member of Congress Working Committee

(b) not a member of the Congress

(c) the President of the Congress

(d) the General Secretary of the Congress

48. 'Abinava Bharat' a secret society of revolutionaries was organised in: [1999]

(a) Khudiram Bose (b) V.D. Savarkar

(c) Praftilla Chaki (d) Bhagat Singh

49. The most short-lived of all of the Britain's constitutional experiments in India was the: [1999]

(a) Indian Councils Act of 1861

(b) Indian Councils Act of 1892

(c) Indian Councils Act of 1909

(d) Government oflndia Act of 1919

50. 'It made its proposals in May. It still wanted a united India. There was to be a Federal Union composed of British .provinces' [1999]

The above quotation is related to:

(a) Simon Commission

(b) Gandhi-Irwin Pact

(c) Cripps Mission

(d) Cabinet Mission

Answers:

1. (c)

2. (c) Communist vanguard was an emigree Communist journal of M.N. Roy.

3. (b) Lucknow pact - 1916; Introduction of diarchy under Montford reforms (GIA 1919)-July 1918; Rowlatt act- March 1919; Partition of Bengal -1905. Answer could be 4123. But here best is b.

4. (c) in 1908, Barrah dacoity was organized by Dacca Anushilan under Pulin Das in East Bangal.

5. (c)on 12 March 1930, Gandhi started his civil disobedience movement by starting Dandi March from Sabarmati ashram in Gujarat and reached Dandi on 6 April 1930 and broke the salt law.

6. (d) Satya Sodhak samaj was founded by Jyoti Ba Phule in 1873.

7. (d) It was led by Vallabh Bhai Patel in Gujarat.

8. (a) Swaraj party was formed in 1934 by CR Das.

9. (d) The British sovereignty ceased to exist in India after Aug 15,1947.

10. (d) The term economic drain refers to a portion of national product of india which was not available for consumption of its peoples but was being drained away to Britain for political reasons and India was not getting adequate economic or material returns for it. The drain theory was put forward by Dadabhai Naoroji in his book Poverty and unbritish rule in India.

11. (a) He was resident of Bombay presidency, but he was elected to constituent assembly form WB.

12. (a)Pitt's India act - 1784; Indian arms act -1878; Ilbert Bill -1883-84

13. (d)First round table conference was the first arranged conference between the British and the Indian as equals. The INC did not participated in the first and third conference.

14. (d) CSP was formed in 1934 by JP Narayan, Acharya Narendra Dev, Basawon Singh and Yogendra Shukla

15. (d)

16. (d) Acharya JB Kriplani was the president of the Congress Party in 1947. Dr Rajendra Prasad presided over the Constituent Assembly. GB Pant formed the first Congress ministry in United Province before India's independence.

17. (c) Cabinet mission proposed the rejection of the demand for a full fledged Pakistan because the Pakistan so formed would include a large non-muslim population - 38% in the N-W and 48% in the N-E.

18.(d)Abhinav Bharat - 1904; Anushilan Samiti -1902; Gadar Party -1913; Swaraj Party -1923

19. (c) Nawab Salimullah founded Muslim league in 1906 at Dacca. Communal award was announced by Ramsay McDonald in 1932.

20. (b) Non cooperation movement and Khilafat movement were launched in 1920. The two movements emerged from separate issues, but they adopted a common programme of action that of non-violent and non- cooperation. There was increasing hindu-muslim unity against the British.

21. (c) Mahatma Gandhi suggested the winding up of the Indian National Congress after India attained independence, as its main aim was to fight for Indian independence, as that have been attained.

22. (d)

23.(c)This statement is about Gopal Krishna Gokhale, who was born May 9,1866 in Kotaluk, Maharashtra. Gokhale (at the age of 18) graduated from Elphinstone College in 1884. He (at the age of 39) became President in 1905 session of INC held at Benaras.

24. (d) Morley-minto reforms-1909; Simon commission-1927;

Chaura-chaura incident - 1922; Dandi march - 1930

25. (d) Poona pact was signed by ambedkar on behalf of the depressed classes in Sept 1932. The pact abandoned separate electorates for the depressed classes. But the seats reserved for the depressed classes were increased both in provincial as well as state legislatures.

26. (b) Surat split in 1907 session of INC presided by Ras Behari Ghosh; Communal award was announced by Ramsay McDonald in Aug 1932; Poorna swarajaya resolution passed in 1929 session of INC at Lahore presided by Nehru.

27. (c) 28. (d)

29. (a) The Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence are a series of agreements between the People's Republic of China and India. It was formed in 1954. The 5 principles are called the panchsheel, which form the basis of the Non- Aligned movement, were laid down by Jawaharlal Nehru. Those are:

1. Mutual respect for each other's territorial integrity and sovereignty

2. Mutual non-aggression against anyone.

3. Mutual non-interference in each other's internal affairs

4. Equality and mutual benefit

5. Peaceful co-existence

30. (d) Tilak's Home Rule League-April 1916; Karnagatamaru incident-Sept 1914; Mahatma Gandhi's arrival in India from South Africa -1915

31. (a) All the 7 members of Simon commission were whites;

32. (d)

33. (b)Jalianwala Bagh massacre occurred on April 13,1919 at Amritsar.

34. (a) August Offer - 1940; INA Trial - 1945; Quit India

Movement - 1942; Royal Indian Naval Ratings - 1946

35. (b)

36. (d) Badruddin Tyabji was not associated with Muslim League but he was the first Muslim president of INC in 1887 at Madras.

37. (b) Lord Curzon (1899-1905)

38. (b)Ghadr was established in 1913 under the leadership of Lala Hardyal. The HQ of Ghadr was San Francisco.

39. (b) He was not able to keep india united so he used the Plan Balkan.

40. (a)Both are correct and R explains A.

41. (d) A is false as role of moderates continued after partition of Bengal. Extremists and moderates separated at Surat session in 1907. But reunited at 1916 session at Lucknow.

42. (d) A is wrong as it was in 1913 (not 1911) resolution on Education policy, the government refused to take up the responsibility of compulsory education, but accepted the policy of removal of illiteracy and urged provincial governments to take early steps to provide free elementary education to the poorer and more backward sections.

43.(b)A is right as the congress rejected the cripps proposals as it proposed dominion status instead of complete independence after the World war II. R is also right. But not explains A.

44. (a) Gandhi started the Non-cooperation movement in 1920. It progressed powerfully from 1920 - Feb 1922. But the attack on a local police station by angry peasants at Chaura-Chauri in Gorakhpur district of UP on Feb 5, 1922 led Gandhi to Stop the movement.

45. (c) The interim government was formed on Sept 2, 1946. Upon the Muslim League joining the interim government, the second highest-ranking League politician Liaquat Ali Khan became the head of the Department of Finance. Abdur Rab Nishtar headed the Departments of Posts and Air and Ibrahim Ismail Chundrigar headed the Department of Commerce. The League nominated a Scheduled Caste Hindu politician Jogendra Nath Mandal to lead the Department of Law.

46. (c) 47. (b)

48. (b) 'Abinava Bharat' a secret society of revolutionaries was organised in 1904 by VD Sabarkar. time span of given acts: Indian Councils Act of 1861 - 31 years; Indian Councils Act of 1892-17 years; Indian Councils Act of 1909 - 10 years; Government oflndia Act 1919- 16years

49. (c) time span of give acts: Indian Councils Act of 1861-31 years; indian Councils Act of 1892- 17 years; Indian Councils Act of 1909-10 years;Government of India Act 1919-16 years

50. (d) Cabinet mission reached Delhi on March 24, 1946. It put forward its own proposals in May 1946.