50 objective type questions for Higher Secondary examinations

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851. An important water contaminant is:

A. Heavy metals

B. Nitrogen oxides

C. Carbon monoxide

D. NO, and SO2

852. Which of the following pair is incorrectly matched w.r. to the air quality standard in industrial and mixed use?

A. CO -->5000 µ/m2

B. SO2 --> 120 µ/m2

C. NOx --> 80 µ/m2

D. None of the above

853. The projects of which of the following are being assessed for Environmental Impact?

A. Irrigation and Power

B. Administration

C. Public investment

D. All of these

854. Parameter Importance Unit is:

A. a subjective process

B. a weight age given to parameters

C. a technique to select parameters

D. None of the above

855. Which is not an objective of EIA?

A. Recycling and reduction of waste

B. Risk analysis and disaster management

C. Assessment of international funding

D. All of the above

856. The average occupancy per passenger vehicle in India is:

A. 2

B. 1.2

C. 2.5

D. 5

857. The important sector/s that feed the mankind is/are:

A. agriculture sector

B. forest and wildlife

C. livestock and fisheries

D. All of these

858. Environmental auditing helps in pollution control, improves production, safety and health and conservation of natural resources by way of:

A. ensuring waste prevention and reduction

B. assessing compliance with regulatory environment

C. placing environmental information to the public

D. All of the above

859. Which is not correctly matched?

A. ISO International Organisation of Standards

B. EMS -> Environmental Management System

C. EIA -> Environmental Impact Assessment

D. WTO -> Whole Trade Output

860. The agency which is not certifying the ISO is:

A. Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), Delhi

B. Quality Assurance Services (QAS)

C. Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), Delhi

D. All Indian Inset of Local Self Government, Mumbai

861. Which of the following is an impact of SPM and RPM?

A. obscures vision

B. causes cancer

C. corrodes metals

D. initiates soil pollution

862. Population of India is growing at the rate of:

A. 1.23% per year

B. 2.12% per year

C. 3% per year

D. 5% per year

863. The false statement regarding the environmental impact assessment is:

A. Schedule I -> Lists of projects

B. Schedule II -> Application forms

C. Schedule III -> Details of EAC

D. All of the above

864. The important step/s in the predication of impacts is/are:

A. Carrying out the evaluation of impacts

B. Study of EIA

C. Preparation of environmental management plan

D. All of the above

865. All the cases of diversion of forests land should be approved by:

A. Central Government

B. Conservator of Forests

C. State Land Use Board

D. Ministry of Environment and Forests

866. Land degradation is great challenge for India because of:

A. the 83 mha forest land, over half is used to various degrees

B. only 250 mha land of 330 mha posses any potential for production

C. 406 million of livestock have to supported on 13 mha land

D. All of the above

867. The approximate population of Urban India is:

A. 5.5 million

B. 25.7% of total population

C. 32% of total population

D. 1.5 billion

868. The environmental planning is:

A. The analysis of how we can prevent the poaching of environment

B. the analysis of how people impact natural resources

G the analysis of how we can preserve our biodiversity

D. the supply of management tool to conserve our environment

869. The correct pair regarding the air quality monitoring technique is:

A. O2 -> Ultraviolet Photometry

B. SO2 -> Diffusion Tube

C. NO2 -> Infrared absorption

D. C, N, P -> Polyurethrane filter

870. An environmental audit helps in achieving the:

A. resource optimisation

B. waste minimization

C. public awareness

D. All of these

872. Ministry of Environment and Forests amended the Environmental Impact Assessment notification public hearing mandatory for environmental clearance on:

A. April 10; 1997

B. Jan. 27; 1996

C. Jan. 27; 1997

D. April 03; 1998

873. The impacts caused by construction of dams and reservoirs include:

A. soil erosion

B. loss of vegetation cover

C. changes in microclimate

D. All of the above

874. All major project plans should be examined to ensure:

A. quality of environment

B. public health and safety

C. both of these

D. None of these

875. The areas up to the 100 meters around the premises such as hospitals, educational institutions and courts are:

A. Silence Zones

B. Atrophic Zones

C. EMP Zones

D. Irrigation Zones

876. Match the following:

877. The agency that has laid down the standards for the control of pollution of air, water and noise is:

A. Central Pollution Control Tribunal

B. Central pollution Control Agency

C. Ministry of Home Affairs

D. Central Pollution Control Board

878. The Government of India approved the EIA clearance on:

A. Jan. 26; 1996

B. April 03; 1998

C. Jan. 27; 1994

D. March 31; 1998

879. The comprehensive legislation that is truly a milestone in the field of environmental protection was enacted in:

A. 1985

B. 1987

C. 1991

D. 1994

880. The legislation that provides a legal framework for the improvement of environment is:

A. Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution Act), 1986

B. Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution Act), 1989

C. Water Crisis and Pollution Act, 1994

D. Legislation yet to be declared

881. The environmental impact assessment of development projects has so far been done on the basis of:

A. the provisions of the Environment Protection Act, 1986

B. the provisions of the Municipalities Act, 1986

C. executive order of the President

D. All of the above

882. Organisms inhabiting a common environment belong to the same:

A. Species

B. Genus

C. Population

D. Community

883. A biotic community is an assemblage of:

A. food web

B. food chain

C. closely related species

D. interacting populations

884. A community is not able to survive without:

A. predator

B. non-living components

C. parasites

D. decomposers

885. Which of the following term is used for the "study of plant community"?

A. Phytology

B. Ecosystem

C. Phytosociology

D. Population ecology

886. A community that starts the process of succession in a habitat is called:

A. pioneer community

B. biotic community

C. abiotic community

D. artificial community

887. When the vegetation of any region reaches climatic climax, it is:

A. Hydrophytic

B. Xerophytic

C. Lithophytic

D. Mesophytic

888. Primary succession starts with:

A. Lichens

B. Trees

C. Herbs

D. Animals

889. In a biotic community, the most important for survival of animals is:

A. green food

B. day length

C. predator

D. soil moisture

890. The basic unit in ecological studies is population. The sum of all the populations of the same kind of organism form:

A. Community

B. Species

C. Colony

D. Genus

891. Primary succession refers to the development of communities on a:

A. newly exposed habitat with no record of earlier vegetation

B. pond freshly filled with water after a dry phase

C. forest clearing after devastating fire

D. freshly cleared crop field

892. The first plants to appear on badly burnt forest area will most probably be:

A. Mosses

B. Liverworts

C. Ferns

D. Grasses

893. The quills of porcupine are an example of:

A. avoiding predation by defence

B. avoiding predation by escape

C. a chemical deterrent to escape

D. Mimicry

894. An advantage of being a herbivore that feeds only on one or a few related plant species is:

A. only a few detoxifying enzymes are needed

B. it is easy to obtain a well rounded diet

C. it is easy to find enough food

D. there will be no other herbivore competing for the food source

895. A leaf adapted to a warm dry climate is:

A. large and thin

B. small and thin

C. large and thick

D. small and thick

896. An insect survives the cold of winter in a dormant stage by converting its glycogen to:

A. ATP

B. Alcohol

C. Lactic acid

D. Brown fat

897. A community with no living green plant is:

A. rocky shore

B. plankton

C. a mud flat

D. the deep ocean floor

898. It is a flock of sheep what is it of lions?

A. Troop

B. Flock

C. Flight

D. Herd

899. In which type of community, the number of species per unit area will be more:

A. Temperate forest

B. Deciduous forest

C. Tropical rain forest

D. Taiga forest

900. Biotic potential is counteracted by:

A. limited food supply

B. predation G competition

D. All of the above

Answers:

851

852

853

854

855

856

857

858

859

860

A

A

A

B

C

B

D

D

D

D

861

862

863

864

865

866

867

868

869

870

A

A

A

D

C

D

A

B

A

D

872

873

874

875

876

877

878

879

880

A

D

C

A

D

D

B

A

A

881

882

883

884

885

886

887

888

889

890

A

D

D

B

C

A

D

A

A

B

891

892

893

894

895

896

897

898

899

900

A

D

A

A

D

B

D

D

C

D


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