What are the Psychological and Physical Benefits of Exercise?



Benefits of regular exercise can be divided in two parts-psychological benefits and physical benefits. Psychological Benefits.

Psychological Benefits Exercise:

1.It increases perceptions of acceptance by others

2.It decreases overall feelings of stress and tension

3.It reduces frustration with daily "hassles."

4.It pays more constructive responses to disappointments and failures.

5.Exercise is the most profound and immediate stress reducer.

6.It not only dissipates "nervous energy" but directly influences the relaxation response.

7.A single aerobic workout "burns off" stress hormones by directing them towards their intended metabolic functions rather than allowing them to linger in the body to undermine the integrity of vital organs and the immune system.

8.Regular exercise actually decreases the level of stress hormones released during stressful responses such as anger and fear.

9.Exercise can effectively be used as a preventive measure since it minimizes or neutralizes physical arousal to non-physical threats.

10. It improves self-esteem.

11. It improves sense of self-reliance, self-confidence and self-efficacy.

12. It improves mental alertness, perception and information processing.

13. It is also an important adjunct to medication and therapy in the treatment of mood disorders.

14. Because heta-endorphin is synthesized during aerobic activity, exercise has become a major part of stress reduction programs, pain management, programs, and self-care for depression, anxiety and other mood disorders.

15. In the early 1980s, a neuropeptide (a brain chemical) was discovered which showed remarkable morphine-like qualities. In very small amounts, beta-endorphin was found to significantly reduce sensations of pain and seemed to promote feelings of euphoria and exhilaration while reducing feelings of depression and anxiety.

Physical Benefits of Exercise

The physical benefits of exercises are as follows:

1. Exercises increase efficiency of heart (heart pumps more blood with each stroke).

2. They decrease muscle tension

3. The help in weight management

4. They increase endurance

5. They provide better quality of sleep and reduce fatigue

6. Studies show that ten per cent of cardiovascular gains can be lost after two weeks of inactivity and up to 40 per cent a month of inactivity

7. Exercises decrease bone demineralization

8. They increase tolerance to heat and cold

9. They lower Body Mass Index (BMI), i.e., ratio of body weight (in kilograms) to height (in meters)

10. They decrease resting heart rate

11. They improve recovery time (heart rate returns to its resting level faster)

12. They decrease resting blood pressure

13. They make better appetite regulation

14. Because of exercises more efficient use of food energy is possible

15. They increase resistance to cold and other illnesses

16. They decrease cholesterol and triglycerides

17. They decrease body fat and increase muscle bulk and tone.