Complete information on Planning the Metropolitan Mumbai



The first Greater Mumbai plan in 1948 pro­posed a gradual removal of factories from the central part of the city outside along the Agra road and along the railway track of the Western railway. Several plans tried to put a ceiling on the population-size of the city which was not successful.

A new satellite metropolitan city is being developed on the mainland known as New Mumbai. It is not far away from the old city and is connected with it by road and rail link. A comprehensive transport plan has been drawn up to provide inter­city and intra-city services. At present bus services link New Mumbai with Thane in the north Mumbai and Dadar in central Mumbai.

A ferry service oper­ates between ferry wharf at Mumbai arid Urban in New Mumbai. Fast ferry services are also being considered to link up the commercial parts in Fort area in old Mumbai and the commercial area of Belapur in New Mumbai. New ports have been developed at Nhave and Sheva occupying two natu­ral harbour sites in the Thane creek.

The industries are fast developing in the Thane-Belapur belt and Taloja area. There is also proposal to shift some of the government offices of Maharashtra Govern­ment. It will help in decongesting the old city and give prestige to New Mumbai.

The development of New Mumbai may call for a new adjustment in the land use pattern. It is also necessary for the conservation and control of pollu­tion. Besides planning the city region, dispersal of industries to other regions of Maharashtra and de­velopment of rural areas are also essential. This will create more jobs in other parts of the state and the development of the rural areas will reduce the push factor and check the migration of rural population to urban areas.

National Capital Region

Delhi, the national capital of India, has re­corded phenomenal increase in its population during the 20th century, particularly after independence. The population of the city which stood at 2,14,1 15 in 1901 rose to 14, 37,134 in 1951 and 12,791,458 in 2001. The city offers vast economic opportunities and has, thus, created very strong attractive force pulling migrants not only from the immediate neigh­bourhood but also from the far-off places in the country. This large-scale influx of people has put heavy pressure on the infrastructural facilities.

The region in the immediate hinterland of Delhi within which the development had to be planned in order to release pressure from Delhi is known as 'National Capital Region'. The genesis of the con­cept may be traced from the Master Plan of Delhi which was prepared in 1959 and finally approved) the Government of India in 1962. The Master recommended the setting up of a statutory NCS Planning Board. Initially this board was constituls as an advisory body which was reconstituted 1973. Its task was of co-coordinating the developed of urban and rural areas in the NCR under comport pensive regional plan and to secure the collaborate of the concerned state governments in implementing the plan.