320 Words Essay on the Chalukyas of Badami

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The Chalukyas grew powerful in the Deccan towards the middle of the sixth century AD. The dynasty had two branches, viz., Vatapi (Badami) and Kalyani.

The Chalukyas of Vatapi ruled during 550-753. After a lapse of 200 years, the rule of the second branch of the Chalukyas of Kalyani began. Their reign lasted for about 200 years (793-1190).

The Chalukyas of Badami (In this chapter, there is a discussion of the Chalukyas of Badami only), who after the Vakatakas established supremacy in the Deccan, are regarded, after much debate, as a Kanarese Brahman family related in some way to the Chuttu Satakarnis and the Kadambas of Karnataka.

The debate was due to the claim of the later Chalukyas of Kalyani in the eleventh century that they were from the North and that as many as fifty-nine kings of this dynasty ruled Ayodhya before they migrated to the Deccan.

Bhandarkar and V.A. Smith's view that they were of foreign origin (the phonetic similarity of Chalukya and Seleuca) and were related to the Gurjaras was another issue in question.

As, however, there is no evidence to show that the Chalukyas were ethnically of Guijara stock and considering that Gurjaras had not yet been definitely proved to be of foreign origin, this view is not accepted.

The Ayodhya connection, for which no epigraphic evidence is available, is regarded as mythological.

The Chalukyas' rise to power is not recorded and is shrouded in obscurity. It appears, however, after the fall of the Vakatakas, there was a race for supremacy in the Deccan, in which the Kadambas of Karnataka, the Mauryas of Konkana, the Kalachuris and the Nagas of Chhattisgarh were contenders and they were all overtaken by the Chalukyas.

It seems Jayasimha and Ranaraja, father and son, were of­ficers in the army of one of the contenders and succeeded in carving out a small principality some­where in southern Maharashtra or northern Karnataka.


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