Sample essay on the Multi-Purpose River Valley Projects in India

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Several Projects have been undertaken in India to utilise the water of rivers efficiently. These projects involve the construction of dams, reservoirs and canals and serve a number of purposes simultaneously. Their main objective is the overall development and thus they are known as multi-purpose river valley projects. The main purpose of these projects are to provide facilities of irrigation, flood control and production of hydroelectricity.

Some of the major multi-purpose projects of the country are discussed below :

1. Damodar Valley Project-This project is the joint venture of West Bengal and Jharkhand. It is on the river Damodar.

Bhakhra Nangal Project-This project is the joint venture of Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan. It has been built on the river Satluj.

Hirakund Project- It has been built on the river Mahanadi in Orissa.

Riband Project-This project has been constructed across the river Rihand in Mirzapur district of Uttar Pradesh.

Nagarjun Sagar Project-This project has been constructed on the river Krishna in Andhra Pradesh.

Tungbhadra Project-It is a joint venture of Andhra Pradesh and Kamataka and is built on the river Tungbhadra.

7. Chambal Project-It is a joint undertaking of the states Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan. It has been built on the river Chambal,

8. Thein Dam-It is a project of the state of Punjab on the river Ravi at a village Thein.

9. Ukai Project-This is a project of the state of Gujarat on the river Tapti.

10. Ram Ganga Project-It is a dam built on the river Ram Ganga in Garhwal district of Uttaranchal.

11. Koyna Project-It is on the river Koyna and has been built by the state government of Maharashtra.

12. Farakka Barrage-It consists of a Barrage across the river Ganga at Farakka in West Bengal.

13. Kakrapara Project-It has been built by the government of Gujarat on the river Tapti near Kakrapara in Surat district of Gujarat.

14. Periyar Project-It is a dam built on the river Periyar in Alwaye district of Kerala.

15. Gandak Project-It is a joint venture of the Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Nepal. It has been built on the river Gandak in Bihar.

16. Kosi Project-It has been built on the river Kosi in Bihar for irrigation, flood control and hydroelectricity. )w

17. Narmada Sagar Project- It is a joint venture of Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh built on the river Narmada.

18. Sabarmati Project-It is built on the river Sabarmati in Gujarat.

19. Tehri Dam- It has been built on the river Bhagirathi in the state of Uttaranchal.

20. Beas Project-It has been built on the river Beas and is a joint venture of the states of Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan. r

21. Sons Project-It has been built on the river Sone in Bihar for irrigation purposes.

22. Tulbul Project-It is a joint venture of India and Pakistan and has been built on the river Jhelum in Jammu & Kashmir.

23. Mayurakshl Project-It is a dam built on the river Mayurakshi in West Bengal.

24. Bhima Project-It is a dam built on the river Pawana in state of Maharashtra.

25. Machkunda Project-It is a joint venture of the states of Andhra Pradesh and Orissa built on the river Machkunda.

26. Jayakwadl Project-It is a project of Maharashtra built on the river Godavari.

27. Satal Project- It is a project built on the river Chenab in the state of Jammu & Kashmir.

28. Idukki Project-It is a project built on the river Periyar in Kerala state.

29. Ghat prabha Project-This is a project which has been built on the river Ghatprabha in Karnataka.

30. Tawa Project-It is a venture of the government of Madhya Pradesh built on the river Tawa in Madhya Pradesh.

31. Jawahar Sagar Project-It is a project built on the river Chambal in Rajasthan.

32. Rana Pratap Sagar Project-It is a venture of Rajasthan state built on the river Chambal.

33. Bargi Project-This project has been built on the river Bargi in Madhya Pradesh.

34. Pong Dam-This project is on the river Beas in Himachal Pradesh.

35. Sharda Project- It is a project built on the rivers Sharda and Gomti in Uttar Pradesh.

36. Saharavasi Project-This project is the largest in Asia and is built near Jog waterfall in Karnataka.

37. Indira Gandhi Project-It is a joint venture of Punjab, Rajasthan and Haryana and is built on the rivers Satluj and Beas.

38. Sardar Sarovar Dam-It is built on the river Narmada in Gujarat.

39. Dulhasti Project-It is built on the river Chenab in Jammu & Kashmir.

40. Mahi Project-This project is situated in Gujarat and is built on the river Mahi.

41. Panchet Dam-It is a joint venture of Jharkhand and West Bengal built on the river Damodar.

42. Tilayya Project-This project is built on the river Barakar in Jharkhand.

43. Mata Tila Dam-It is a joint venture of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh and is built on the river Betla.

44. Bann Sagar Project- It is a joint venture of the Chattisgarh, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar and is built on the river Sone.

45. Telgu Ganga Project- This project is meant for the water supply to the city of Chennai from' the river Krishna.

46. Ikri Hydroelectric project-It is built on the river Satluj.


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