India is a fast developing country. Since independence she has achieved remarkably in industrial sectors. Some of the major industry are mentioned below-
1. Iron and Steel-
Iron and Steel industries are considered to the backbone of any nation. First Iron and Steel company in India was established in Kulti (West Bengal) in the year 1874 AD Brakar Iron company was the name of the establishment. But this first modern Iron and Steel plant was set up by Jamshedji Tata Sakchi (Jharkhand) in 1907.
Jamshedpur, Bokaro (Jharkhand); Bhadravati (Kamataka); Bhilai (Chattisgarh); Rourkela (Orissa); Durgapi Burupur, Kulti, Hirapur (W. Bengal); Salem (Tamil Nadu Vishakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh).
2. Cotton Industries-
The first industries set up in India us cotton industries. The first modern cotton industries was set by Cawassji Dawar in Mumbai in 1854 AD.
The major centers of the cotton industries in India are following
Mumbai, Akola, Sholapur, Pune, Nagpur, Sata (Maharashtra); Ahmadabad, Surat, Baroda, Rajkot, Bhavnagar (Gujarat); Indore, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Bhopal (Madhya Prades Kanpur, Lucknow, Agra, Saharanpur, Modinagar, Varan; Rampur (Uttar Pradesh); Kolkata (W. Bengal); Chennai, Coimbator Madurai (Tamil Nadu); Ludhiana, Amritsar (Punjab); Bangalore (Kamataka); Panipat (Haryana) and Delhi.
3. Sugar Industries-
Sugar industries are also one of the oldestand important industries of India.
Devaria, Gorakhpur, Barabanki, Basti, Sitapur, Mozaffarnagar, Ghaziabad, Kanpur, Faizabad, Jaunpur Pradesh); Saran, Champaran, Darbhanga, Motihari, Sub Majhaulia, Madhaura, Panchrukhi, Sasamusa, Gopalganj Pune, Nasik, Manmad, Sholapur, Kolhapur, Ahmadn2 (Maharashtra); Mursnidabad, Howrah, Nadia, 24 Pargana Bengal); Coimbator. Madurai, Tiruchirapalli (Tamil Nadu)Phagwara, Amritsar (Punjab); Rohtak, Panipat (Haryana); Bijapur, Shimoga (Karnataka); Hospet, Kode, Hyderabad (A.P.); Sarangpur, Palanda (Madhya Pradesh); Surat (Gujarat).
4. Jute Industries-
First Jute industries in India was set up in Risra near Kolkata in 1859 AD. In the following places Jute mills are concentrated.
Places-Risra, Kolkata, Sialdah, Shri Rampur, Shivpur (W. Bengal); Guntoor, Vishakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh); Katihar, Darbhanga, Purnea (Bihar); Kanpur, Gorakhput (U.P.); Cuttuck (Orissa).
5. Paper Industries-
The first modern paper industries was set up near Lucknow in 1879 AD. And in similar manner the first newsprint industries was set up in Nepanagar in Madhya Pradesh in the year 1955.
Titagarh, Triveni, Kolkata (W. Bengal); Kagaznagar, Tirypati (Andhra Pradesh); Merrut, Saharanput, Mozaffarnagar (Uttar Pradesh); Dalmianagar, Brauni, Katihar (Bihar); Bhopal, Hoshangabad, Balaghat (Madhya Pradesh); Salem (Tamil Nadu); Mumbai, Pune (Maharashtra); Bhadravati, Dadeli (Karnataka); Punnaloor, Kozikode (Kerala); Surat, Baroda (Gujarat); Sangroor (Punjab); Faridabad, Sonipat (Haryana); Kota (Rajasthan).
6. Cement Industries-
The first cement factory in India was set up in Chennai in 1904 AD. To increase the production of cement in the country Associated Cement Company was set up in 1934. Following are the places where the cement factories are situated :
Sindri, Khilari, Banjari, Japla, Kalyanpur, Jhinkapani (Jharkhand); Dalmianagar (Bihar); Jabalpur, Katni (Madhya Pradesh); Durg, Raipur (Chhattisgarh); Churk, Kanpur, Dala (U.P.); Hirakund (Orissa); Porbandar, Ahmadabad (Gujarat); Likheri, Sawai, (Rajasthan); Bangalore, Bijapur (Karnataka); Guntur, Mangalagiri (Tamil Nadu); Kottayam (Kerala) and Surajgarh (Haryana).
7. Aluminium Industries-
The first Aluminium factory of India was set up in J. K. Nagar (W. Bengal) in 1937 AD. Following are the places where Aluminium factories are located.
Mouri (Jharkhand), Korba (Chhatttisgarh), Always (Kerala), Renukoot (U.P.), Hirakund (Orissa).
8. Chemical Fertilizer Industries-
The first Super Phosphate chemical industries was set up in Ranipet (Tamil Madu) in the year 1906. Following are the places where the chemical fertilizer industries are located.
Sindri (Jharkhand); Barauni (Bihar); Gorakhpur, Varanasi (U.P.); Ramagundam, Vishakhapatnum (A.P); Rourkela, Talchar (Orissa); Khetri, Kota, Slkar (Rajasthan); Mumbai, Ambarnath (Maharashtra); Namrup, Chandarpur (Assam Burnpur, Haldla, Risra (W. Bengal); Mangalore, Munlrab (Kamataka); Neyvell, Ranlpet (Tamil Nadu); Kandla, Ha2j! Bhavanagar, Barodra (Gujarat); Alwaye (Kerala); Nangal (Purijju
9. Engineering Industries-
Heavy machines and spares for the industries are manufactured in these industries. Following are the places where the engineering industries are located :
Hatia (Jharkhand); Durgapur, Kolkata (W. Benga Hyderabad, Vishakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh); Naini (Uttar Pradesh); Bangalore (Kamataka); Ajmer (Rajasthan); Ambernatr Pimpri (Maharashtra); Plnjore, Batala (Punjab).
10. Railway Industries-
(i) Railway Engines-Chitranjan (West Bengal); Varana; (U.P.):
(ii) Railway Coaches-
Perambur (Tamil Nadu), Kapurthala (Punjab), Bangalore (Kamataka), Kolkata (W. Bengal).
(iii)Railway Workshops-Kharagpur (W. Bengal); Jamalpur Samastipur, Barauni (Bihar); Ajmer (Rajasthan); Jhans (U.P.).
Vishakhapatnam (Andhra, Pradesh), Cochin (Kerala), Kolkata (W. Bengal), Mumbai (Maharashtra), Mazgoan (Maharashtra).
12. Aircraft Building-
Bangalore, Hyderabad, Kanpur, Koraput, Nasik.
13. Automobile Industries-
Mumbai, Pune, Chennai, Kolkata Burnpur, Jamshedpur, Gurgaon.
14. Cycle Industries-
First cycle industry in India was set up if 1938 in Mumbai.
Ludhiana, Faridabad, Agra, Kanpur, Varanasi, Gwali of Patna, Asansol, Kolkata, Gauhati and Delhi.
15. Glass Industries-
Kandra, Bhurkunda, Dhanbad (Jharkhand Patna, Kahalgaon (Bihar); Firozabad, Naini, Shikohabad (U-P) Baildharia, Risra, Burdwan, Raniganj (W. Bengal); Mumbai, Nagpur (Maharashtra); Barodra (Gujarat); Ambala (Haryana Amritsar (Punjab); Hyderabad (A.P.); Jabalpur (Madhya Pradesh- Bangalore (Kamataka) and Guahati (Assam).
16. Leather Industries-
Kanpur, Agra, Kolkata, Batanagar, Patna Mokama, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore.
17. Woollen Industries-
Dhariwal, Ludhiana, Amritsar, Srinagar, Bangalore.
18. Silk Industries-
Bhagalpur, Bangalore, Tanjore, Kanchipuram, Srinagar, Varanasi and Jallundhar.
19. Medicine Industries-
Mumbai, Pimpri, Pune, Mathura, Haridwar, Rishlkesh, Ahmadabad, Hyderabad, Chennal, Bangalore and Delhi.
20. Rubber Industries-
Kolkata, Chennai, Delhi, Bangalore, Mumbai, Hyderabad,
21. Heavy Chemical Industries-
Sindri, Tatanagar, Mumbai, Kolkata, Durgapur, Amritsar, Bhilai.
22. Match Industries-
Kolkata, Chennai, Baraily, Mumbai, Katihar.
23. Plastic Industries-
Kolkata, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Mumbai, Kanpur.
24. Telephone Industries-
Bangalore, Rupnarayanpur (W. Bengal).
25. Petrol Refining Industries-
Digboi, Noonmati, Koyali (Gujarat), Vishakhapatnam, Trombay, Barauni, Mathura.
26. Petro Chemicals-
Hyderabad, Ahmadabad, Barodra, Lucknow, Bhuvaneshwar, Bhopal.
27. Pesticide Industries-
Cochin, Meddak (T. Nadu).