The following are the Common Features of Teaching Profession:
(1) Essentially involvement of Intellectual Operation:
Teaching is not mere talking because it requires conscious organization of learning activities, deliberate creation of a conductive and supportive learning environment. A teacher has to analyse and evaluate classroom climate and evolve a suitable plan of action to achieve the pre-specified desirable change in the behaviour of a group of learners who are constantly varying with respect to their interest and understanding speed.
(2) To draw material from science:
Teaching is an art as well as a science. On the basis of assumptions, a teacher can be trained. It has definite steps which are followed in training a teacher.
(3) Transformation of raw material into a practical and definite end:
In teaching process the learners constitute the raw material. Learners are prepared to teach in continuous involvements in the society with varied expectations.
(4) To possess an educationally communicable technique:
Teaching techniques are systematic and have the definite steps to be followed and easily communicable.
(5) To tend towards self-organization:
The personals who are engaged in teaching profession are sensitive towards growth and development because it is self-organised. They evolve a definite mechanism to sustain and promote the standards of teaching profession.
(6) To perform a social service:
Frankly speaking, teaching is a social service. It has been accepted that education is potent tool to bring about changes in any nation. It is useful to develop the society.
(7) Lengthy period of study and training:
Teaching has no shortcut. It cannot be learnt in a short period. A person who wishes to adopt this profession has to study for a number of years and acquire a mastery over the contents of the subject- matter.
(8) High degree of autonomy:
Definite steps have to be followed in teaching as it is a science also. There is a high degree of autonomy in teaching profession right from curriculum development, planning activities of a year, identifying instructional objectives, deciding upon the method of teaching, media, evaluation criteria, techniques to divide upon the admission and promotion rules, and autonomy in planning and execution of co-curricular activities.
(9) Based upon a systematic body of knowledge:
Almost all the teaching profession is based upon a systematic body of knowledge which has been derived from social, psychological, historical, political and economical spheres of life. It is also influenced by the religious and spiritual beliefs of a society.
(10) Common code of ethics:
Throughout the world, teaching profession has a common code of ethics.
(11) Generation of in-service growth:
The teacher is learning at all the stages of teaching which leads to growth of a teacher whole in-service.