What are the Important Characteristics of a Profession?

The term 'Profession' stands for an occupation which requires some specialised study and training, and the purpose of which is generally to provide skilled services and guidance in lieu of a definite fee or remuneration. A profession is a calling and implies acquisition of a fond of knowledge, range skills and their application in service of humanity. They services rendered by a professional may be direct as will the case of teachers and doctors or indirect as is in the case of teacher educators i.e. teacher of a teacher.

This service might be rendered for limited segment of the population or for a limited period of time or phase of life. This service is not rendered to the entire student population which gets graduation or post-graduation, but, it is rendered to those who have aptitude for the profession. Any professional provides professional service for a limited period of time when his/her clientele are in an institution or within the institutional framework. A profession can be practiced independently or within an institution or both.

The following are the common characteristics of a profession:

(i) It demands possession of a body of specialised knowledge and extended practical training.

(ii) It renders an essential social service.

(iii) It demands continuous in service training of its members.

(iv) It has a clearly defined membership of a particular group with a view to safe- guarding the interests of the profession.

(v) It involves a code of ethics.

(vi) It sets up its own professional organization.

(vii) It assures its members a professional career.

(viii) It has a truth and loyalty.

(ix) It has a transparency of work.

(x) It gives instantaneous results.