What are the Manpower Resources Required in a School System?



A school organization has a large component of manpower resources. They comprise professionals like the principal, vice-principal; supervisors, teachers, librarian, the counselor etc. administrate personnel like the head clerk, junior clerk, typist and class IV employees etc. The school is an organization composed of people of varying potentialities, expertise and status.

Following are the main manpower resources of a school system:

(a) Principal (Head of the Staff):

Being die most important person in a school a principal should be a person of a wide range of qualities and competencies. He/she must be a personality of sound educational background and philosophy, good scholarship, adequate professional training, proficient in human relations, physical and mental stamina, optimistic attitude, emotional stability, integrity and scientific temper. He/she should have strong administrative abilities, leadership qualities, progressive views and sound judgment a person who is sensitive to need of the society as well as to all round development of children. Principal is the pilot of the school-system.

A person of wide conceptual, human and technical skills can be a good principal.

(b) Supervisors:

These are senior teachers with expertise in matters related to school. Principals delegate some of their powers to senior teachers and give them the responsibilities of guiding and directing junior teachers with a view to develop their resources. They devote some of their time to nurturing the leadership potential, motivation, decision-making communication and problem-solving skills of teachers under them.

(c) Teaching Personnel:

A teacher is thought to be the prime source of wisdom and the giver of information. Teaching is mainly seen as transmission of the material from his/her note book to that of students. Teacher is now gradually moving away from the central position in the classroom, giving room for the pupil to occupy it.

The present day teacher is expected to earn- out at least four important functions. The first of these is an executive or leader which involves leading, establishing of procedures, coordinating activities of others etc. The second function which a teacher is expected to perform is the interactive function of teaching he/she is expected to select and use appropriate models of teaching. The third is that of organizational functions which expect a teacher to work with colleagues, parents and others.

At last, a teacher is expected to provide assistance to students, in the form of counseling to overcome of the difficulties that they face in adjusting to school conditions and tasks. As a person he/she should be friendly and cheerful, kind and sympathetic towards children instead in pupil's requirements and patient with pupils who have sonic difficulties. He/she should be hard working, enthusiastic and objective in his/her outlook. He/she must have proper and effective classroom managing techniques.

(d) Librarian:

As a mere keeper of books, a librarian plays a very important role in a school system. He/she is responsible to procure books, pamphlets and other materials and bring them into the main stream of instructional programme. This is possible only when there is good support among pupils, teachers and the librarian. Teachers must be able to propose a pattern of requests for books and their circulation which the librarian should see as systematic attempts by teachers and pupils to use books effectively. He/she is responsible to maintain the books and arranging there in a proper order as per colon classification system.

(e) Administrative Staff:

This is a group of other human resources except the teaching staff in a school organization. It includes head clerk junior clerks, typist, class IV employees etc. The main function of them is to extend the assistance to academic staff in the conduct of various programmes and activities of a school. They also maintain various records related to income and expenditure, service books and record related to both teachers and pupils. Class IV staff maintain the physical infrastructure and to help the other administrative staff.

(f) Pupils:

If school is the body then the pupils; arc the soul for a school organization. As a component, it is for them that all efforts are being made. It is again for their all round development that curriculum is being designed and planned, qualified principal and teachers appointed and other auxiliary services arranged. Without pupils the school becomes useless.

(g) Community:

The community utilizes the school as functional relations. It has in it different people having experience and expertise. There are excellent architects, engineers, doctors, scholars, musicians, actors, lawyers, scientists, artisans and craftsman with expertise if tapped their knowledge and skills can prove to be of a great help for pupils. They could be invited to produce the knowledge for the sources of the inspiration. They can participate for preparing SUPW and skill training.