The main characteristics of emotions are given below:
1. Every emotion is followed by physiological change such as rapid heartbeat, change in the pulse rate, change in blood pressure, and change in the facial expression, voice and body movements.
2. Emotion is accompanied by a feeling of pleasantness and unpleasantness, following physiological changes.
3. Emotions are subjective and purely individual. The same situation may evoke different emotions in different individuals.
4. Emotion is a tripolar response having affective, cognitive and conative aspects.
5. Emotions have wide range and are not restricted to a particular age period. They occur to children, adolescents and adults.
6. Emotions rise abruptly. The passing away of emotions is, however slow, leaving behind an emotional state which lasts for some time.
7. Emotions have swings. One emotion may give rise to another emotion and the two may get merged.
8. An emotion mostly raises when the organism faces a difficult j situation or when the basic need is challenged or is not satisfied. In fact, a situation, real or imaginary, is always connected with an emotion.
Children's emotions are not as natural and long-standing as those of adults. Their emotions are characterised by sudden and intense outburst, are transitory, more frequent and are easily expressed.