Short Essay on the Life of Prophet Muhammad



Mohammad Prophet was born on 29 August 570 A.D. at Mecca, the place which marks the rise of Islam religion. Prophet is the founder of Islam. Prophet became orphan at a very early age.

At his time there was no law and order in Arab. In respect of religion the people here followed the ancient Arab religion. The Saudi society was infused with ill customs and traditions and was extremely backward.

It was divided into tribes and its people mostly led the life of shepherds. Exclusive tribal codes, animistic practices, female infanticide, worship of some 360 competing idols were the characteristics of society.

This Prophet set out to change. At the age of 25 Mohammad Prophet was married to a widow named Khadija. He tried to unite the different tribes and class and establish an independent nation.

He spent several years in solitude on the peak of Mount Hira, a few miles from Mecca. Here the Prophet suffered the agony of rejecting an old religion, and experienced the ecstasy of discovering a new one Islam.

When he was 40, on a retreat on Mount Hira he visioned the first call that came in the form of an angel Jabriel ordering him to read-iqra and spread worldwide the message of Allah.

Thereafter, Mohammad Prophet defined himself the messenger of Allah and kept his message before the people in order to develop consciousness and awareness in them. Prophet was the last, the seal of the Prophets, the final messenger of God.

However, he did not claim divinity. Thus, with the revelation of the Quran, Islam came to the world and Mohammad became the Prophet. Among the first to accept Islam was his wife Khadijah.

In the beginning years, Islam religion was opposed resolutely and the Quarysh rulers were understandably outraged by the preachings of the Prophet.

As a result he left Mecca and came to Medina in 622 A.D. where he laid the foundations of a nascent state and religion. Later, Mecca failed to resist the tidal wave of Islam and capitulated.

The Prophet finally returned to Mecca in 632 A.D. Apart from Khadijah, the Prophet had eleven more wives. He died on 8th June 632 A.D. In a short span he had played the role of father, husband, chief, warrior, friend and Prophet.

His respect for learning, tolerance of others, and generosity of spirit, concern for the weak, gentle piety and desire for a better, cleaner world constitute the main elements of the Muslim ideal.