Swami Vivekanand was born in Calcutta on 12 January 1863 to a lawyer family. He was called Narendranath in his childhood. He was brilliant in his studies from his childhood. He was disciple of Guru Ramkrishna Paramhansa. He had a significant role in the spread of Hinduism and Hindu culture worldwide. His speech at the Parliament of Religions in Chicago on Hinduism had stunned the entire audience. Vivekanand advocated that man of all religions must assimilate the spirit of others and yet preserve his own individuality and grow according to his own law of growth. Vivekanand made an in-depth study of both Indian and Western philosophy and had a command of them. He established the Ramkrishna Mission with an objective to refine and spread Hindu culture. Through this mission the weaknesses of Hindu religion were severely criticised. He even travelled the entire country on foot for his objective. On 4 July 1902 he met his death.