List of some Prominent Scientists of the world



Abdul Kalatn, Dr. A.P.J.: is credited with advancement of missile technology in India. He was honoured with Bharat Ratna award November 26, 1997.

Archimedes (187-212 B.C.): He was a great Greek mathematician

Inventor and scientist. He discovered the Archimedes' Principle regarding floating bodies.

Banting, Sir Fredrick Grant (1881-1941): He was a famous

Canadian Physician, who discovered insulin.

Bell, Alexander Graham (1849-1922): He was a renowned British Scientist. He invented the telephone.

Bose, Sir J.C. (1858-1937): Eminent Indian Physicist and botanist, founder of Bose Research Institute, Calcutta. Inventor of Crescograph which is used to magnify movements made by plants.

Braille, Louis (1809-1852): He was a French teacher of the blind. He perfected the system of reading and writing for the blind called the Braille System.

Cavendish, Henry (1731-1810): He was an English chemist and physicist. He discovered hydrogen and the chemical composition of water.

Chandersekhar, S. : He is an Indian astronomical researcher living in U.S.A. In 1983, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics for research in the evolution of stars.

Copernicus, Nicolas (1473-1543): He was a great Polish astronomer, who discovered the Solar System.

Curie, Marie: She was a French scientist. Who discovered radium. Dalton, John (1776-1884): He was a distinguished English chemist and mathematician. He is famous for his Atomic Theory of Chemical Composition.

Darwin, Charles Robert (1809-1882): He was a British biologist.

He was well-known for his Theory of Evolution. His chief works are: Origin of Species and Descent of Man.

Davy, Sir Humphrey (1778-1829): He was an eminent British Chemist. He invented Miner's Safety Lamp.

Diesel, Rudolf (1858-1913): He was a German engineer. He invented the internal combustion engine.

Edison, Thomas Alva (1847-1931): He was an American physicist, who invented phonograph, incandescent bulb, cinematograph, etc.

Einstein, Prof. Albert (1879-1955): He was a great Gernw11 physicist. He enjoyed worldwide fame for his Theory of Relativity.

Friday, Michael (1791-1867): He was an eminent English scientist field of electricity and magnetism. He discovered the Laws of ion the

Fkming, Sir Alexander (1881-1955) : He was an English teriologist and discoverer of wonder-drug Penicillin. Freud, Sigmund (1856-1939): He was an eminent Austrian scientist. He was responsible for detailed study of psycho-analysis, revolution in the tudv of human behaviour.

Galileo (1564-1642): He was an eminent Italian scientist and astronomer. He improved the telescope.

Goodyear, Charles (1800-1860): He was an American inventor. He invented the art of vulcanising rubber.

Graham, Thomas (1805-1914): famous Scottish chemist called the "Father of Colloidal Chemistry."

Harvey, William (1578-1657): He was an eminent English doctor who discovered the circulation of blood in 1616.

Hertz, Heinrich (1857-1895): He was a German physicist, who transformed sound waves into radio waves.

Jenner, Edward (1749-1824): He was a famous English physician. He discovered vaccination for small pox.

Kepler, Johannes (1571-1630): He was a renowned German astronomer, who discovered the Laws of Planetary Motion.

Khorana, Hargobind (b. 1922): He is a noted Indian scientist, living in U.S.A. He is well known for the creation of artificial genes, for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1968.

Lavoisier, A.L. (1743-1794): French chemist, established law of indestructibility of matter; composition of Water and Air.

Lister, Joseph (1827-1912): British surgeon. He was the first to use antiseptic treatment for wounds; introduced the nevolutionary antiseptic surgery.

Marconi, Gugliemo (1874-1937): He was an Italian scientist. He invented wireless telegraphy in 1896.

Mendel, Gregory Johann (1822-1884): He was a famous Austrian. He is known for his Laws of Heredity.

Meyer, Victor (1848-1897): Discovered a method to determine the molecular weights of volatile substances.

Moseley, Henry G. (1887-1915): British physicist, who did valuable work on atomic structure in 1913, devised the series of atomic numbers.

Nag-Chowdhury, B.D.: An eminent Indian nuclear physicist, known over the world.

Newton, Sir Issac (1642-1727): He was a great English scientist. He is well known for his laws of gravitation and motion. Principia are his most important work.

Otto Hahn: He was a renowned German scientist, who invented the atom bomb.

Pasteur, Louis (1822-1895): He was a well-known French chemist and scientist. He made researches in connection with hydrophobia bacteriology, cholera, etc.

Planck, Dr. Max (1858-1947): He was a celebrated physicist of Germany. His researches about radiation of energy culminated in the enunciation of Quantum Theory in 1918.

Priestley Joseph (1733-1804): He was a noted British chemist. He discovered Oxygen and methods of collecting gases. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1968.

Raman, C.V. (1888-1970) : Famous Indian scientist, got the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1930. Discovered the phenomenon known as Raman Effect.

Ray, Sir P.C. (1861-1944): Founder of Indian Chemical Society and Bengal Chemical and Pharmaceutical Works Ltd. and author of "Hindu Chemistry Russell, Bertrand (1872-1970) : He was a famous philosopher, pacifist and mathematician. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1950.

Roentgen, W.K. (1845-1923): He was an eminent German scientist, who discovered the X-rays. Ross, Ronald (1857-1932): He was a leading English physician. He discovered the cause of malaria.

Rutherford, Lord (1871-1937): He was a famous physicist of England. He put forward his nuclear theory of the atom and succeeded in splitting the atom.

Urey, H.C. (b. 1893): He was a celebrated American chemist, who discovered heavy water.

Watson-Witt, Sir Robert: British Physicist. He developed radar.

Watt, James (1736-1819): He was originally a mathematical instrument maker. He discovered the principle of steam engine.

Yukawa, Dr. H (b. 1907): Predicted a new particle meson which holds the protons and neutrons of the atomic nucleus.