Scope of Educational Management:
Everything concerned with the education of the child through the agency of the school, will be included in educational management.
1. To organize library, museum, hostel etc.
2. To maintain the school records.
3. To evaluate of pupil achievement.
4. To provide the material equipment, such as building, furniture, farms laboratories, library, museum, art gallery etc.
5. To prepare timetable.
6. To maintain discipline.
7. To cooperate with departmental authorities and implementing the orders of the higher educational authorities.
8. To organize guidance service.
9. To prepare the curriculum for the different classes.
10. To organize a systematic co-curricular programme.
11. To supervise school work.
12. To organize exhibitions and museums.
13. To coordinate the work of home, school and community.
14. To provide various auxiliary services like mid-day meals, school uniform, textbooks etc.
15. To organize health and physical education.
16. To finance and budget.
(iii) Write salient features of educational management.
Salient Features or Characteristics of Educational Management:
(1) Dynamic Function:
As a dynamic function, management has to be performed continuously, in an ever-changing environment. It is constantly engaged in the moulding of the enterprise. It is also concerned about the alternation of environment itself so as to ensure the success of the enterprise.
Thus, it is a never-ending function.
The school management must not be a bundle of theoretical principles, but must provide practical measures to achieve the desired objectives Whatever the objective that is decided must be made achievable and practicable to avoid frustration.
(3) Distinct Process:
Management is a distinct process to be performed to determine and accomplish stated objectives by the use of human beings and other resources. Different form of activities, techniques and procedures, the process of management consists of such functions as planning, organizing staffing, directing, coordinating, motivating and controlling.
(4) Needed at All Levels of the Organization:
According to the nature of task and the scope of authority, management is needed at all levels of the organization, e.g. top level, middle level and supervisory level. Like the executive the lowest level supervisor has also to perform the function of decision-making in way or another.
(5) System of Authority:
Authority to get the work accomplished from others is implied in the very concept of management since it is a process of directing men to perform a task. Authority is the power to compel men to work in a certain manner. Management cannot work in the absence of authority since it is a rule-making and rule-enforcing body. There is a chain of authority and responsibility among people working at different levels of the organization. There cannot be an efficient management without well-defined lines of command or superior - subordinate relationships at various levels of decision making.
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