List of some of the important National Awards of India

Indian Highest Awards (Civil)

The Bharat Ratna: It is the highest award given for exceptional work for the advancement of art, literature and science and in recognition of public service of highest order.

The Padma Vibhushan: This award is given for exceptional and distinguished service in any field including service rendered by Government servants. It is classified into three kinds: (i) Pehla Varg; (ii) Dusra Varg; (iii) Tisra Varg.

The Padma Bhushan : This award is given for distinguished service of high order in any field including service rendered by Government servants.

The Padma Shri: This award is given for distinguished service in any field including service rendered by the Government servants.

Military/Gallantry Awards

Param Vir Chakra:

The highest-decoration for valour, it is given for the most conspicuous bravery or some daring or pre-eminent act of valour of self-sacrifice in the presence of the enemy whether on land, at sea, or in the air.

Maha Vir Chakra:

It is the second highest decoration and is awarded for the act of conspicuous gallantry in the presence of the enemy on land, at sea, or in the air.

Vir Chakra:

Falling third in order of merit, it is given for the acts of gallantry in the presence of the enemy at sea, on the land or in the air.

Ashoka Chakra:

Class I, II and III. Now known as Ashoka Chakra, Kirti Chakra and Shaurya Chakra are awarded for acts of gallantry other than in the face of enemy. Class I is for the most conspicuous bravery of some daring or pre-eminent act of self-sacrifice or valour, Class II (Kirti Chakra) for high gallantry and Class III (Shaurya Chakra) for gallantry.

Members of the armed forces and civilians alike are eligible for this award.

Param Vishisht Seva Medal:

It is awarded in recognition of the tstinguished service of the most exceptional order. Personnel of all the

e Services are eligible alike. J. Ati Vishisht Seva Medal:

It is awarded in recognition of the lstmguished service of exceptional order.

Pulitzer Prize:

It was established by an American Publisher Joseph Pulitzer in 1916 who endowed $ 250,000 for the Pulitzer prizes to encourage literature, drama, music and journalism.

Galabert Prize:

It was initiated by Mr. M. Henry Galabert in 1957 for outstanding success in the exploration of outer space.

Oscar Awards:

The awards are given to the best performers of various roles in films made in the World.

Lenin Peace Prize:

Instituted by the Soviet Government in memory of Mr. Lenin, the prizes are given for outstanding work in the promotion of world peace and friendship.

Juliet Curie Award:

It is highest distinction which the World Peace Council confers on any person for contributing to the cause of peace.

Other Awards:

Sahitya Akademi Award (for outstanding books in Indian languages and English), Sangeet-Natak Akademi Award (to eminent artists in the field of Music, Dance and Drama), Lalit-Kala Akademi Award (to the outstanding artists in the field of Indian Art, Sculpture etc.), Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award, Rajiv Gandhi Manav Seva Award, Saraswati Samman Award, Tansen Samman Award, Vyas Samman Award, M.P. Birla Memorial Award, Lata Mangeshkar Award, Kishor Kumar Award etc.