Here is your short essay on Human sexuality



Human sexuality is how people experience the erotic and express themselves as sexual beings. Human sexuality plays a major role in everyone's life. Regardless, whether we are young or old, man or woman, American or Japanese, it is an integral part of what we do and who we are.

Sexuality and gender is a defining characteristic of each one of us, development policy and practice has tended to ignore sexuality in a rational way. However the need to respond to HIV and AIDS and the adoption of human rights approaches have created openings for a frank debate on sexuality and more resources in this area.

Sexuality is a central aspect of being human throughout life and encompasses sex, gender identities and roles, sexual orientation, eroticism, pleasure, intimacy and reproduction.

Sexuality is experienced and expressed in thoughts, fantasies, desires, beliefs, attitudes, values, behaviour, practices, roles and relationships. While sexuality can include all of these dimensions, not all of them are always experienced or expressed. Sexuality is influenced by the interaction of biological, psychological, social, economic, political, cultural, ethical, legal, historical, religious and spiritual factors.

Adolescent sexuality refers to sexual feelings, behaviour and development in adolescents and is a stage of human sexuality. Sexuality is often a vital aspect of teenagers' lives. The sexual behaviour of adolescents is, in most cases, influenced by their culture's norms and mores, their sexual orientation, and the issues of social control such as age of consent laws.

In humans, mature sexual desire usually begins to appear with the onset of puberty. Sexual expression can take the form of masturbation or sex with a partner.

Sexual interests among adolescents, like adults, can vary greatly. Sexual activity in general is associated with a number of risks, including sexually transmitted diseases (including HIV/AIDS) and unwanted pregnancy. This is considered particularly true for young adolescents, as most are deemed emotionally immature and are not financially self-sufficient.

Adolescent girls become fertile following the "menarche (first menstrual period), which occurs in the United States at an average age of 12.5, although it can vary widely between different girls. After menarche, sexual intercourse (especially without contraception) can lead to pregnancy. The pregnant teenager may then miscarry, have an abortion, or carry the child to full term.

While the issues surrounding expression of sexuality become very important during adolescence, human beings are sexual throughout their entire lives although, at different points in life sexuality may manifest itself in different ways.

In matters of sexuality, reproduction and marriage, the most important forces shaping modern day adolescence are each society's particular cultural values and institutions which to a considerable degree remain unchanged.

Cultural values regarding sexuality, gender roles, the power dimensions of adolescents, intimate relationships, and economic disadvantage exert powerful influences of how adolescents in developing countries make sexual and reproductive decisions.

Adolescence is the optimum time to develop attitudes and behaviour and is the critical phase for intervention to ensure that high risk sexual behaviour patters do not become entrenched.

Teens aren't getting the information they need in time to protect their health and prevent unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infection. Our young people need a responsible source to turn to in confidence and with confidence, not incorrect information from other teens or the media.

Sex and sexuality - concepts :

Sex is an organic phenomenon, apparently with a definite chemical base, existing in all organisms - plants and animals. It is very much consistent and homologous throughout the world.

It is varied in itself and is no more definable. The word sex is commonly used for sexual intercourse only but people, in general, do not feel happy to talk about it or disclose their thoughts and experiences. The younger generation, therefore, remains in dark.

The urge for sex is a normal biological instinct. It is our entire being - including sex (biological), gender, attitudes and perceptions, sense of self, relationships, sexual practices, fantasies, concepts of love, romance and pleasure. Sexuality also is about fear, vulnerability and confusions.

It is fine combination of the physical, emotional, intellectual and social aspects of each individual's personality. Sexuality is seen and expressed in our daily activities - work, expression of affection, responsible (or irresponsible) behaviour, parenthood, talking, walking etc.

Sexuality, also implies psychological reactions associated with manliness and femininity and determines behavioural response. These are further conditioned by person's cultural heritage, social norms and images from the mass media.

Cultural heritage includes religious beliefs and traditional concepts. Social norms are the product of bio-emotional needs of the individual and the existing socio-cultural patterns in society.

These vary over periods of time and from one society to another. One can also say that sexuality describes the way people express themselves as sexual beings. Sexuality is closely associated with sex, so it can be difficult for young people to discuss issues around sexuality.

But in order to be aware of and understand their sexuality, it helps, if they have safe adult or knowledgeable peers to talk to. They can be encouraged to be aware of what they feel, of what they like and do not like, what they are attracted to and what fears they have. This helps young people to trust themselves and to build confidence to make their own choices.

Sexuality is often understood is relation with the word "sex" and the word sex also has a very limited connotation, it is only perceived in terms of sexual act. However, Sexuality is not just:

• sexual acts;

• sexual intercourse;

• sexual behaviours; and

• sexual orientations.

Sexuality is a composite personal identity of our views and attitudes, needs, concept of love and relationships, fears, desires, pleasure, sexual orientation, fantasies, body image, sexual abuse, and the like. Everyone has a unique sexuality that develops from the time we are born and is influenced by every event in our lives.

Sexuality is much wider, complex and includes physical, emotional, ethical, social, and spiritual dimensions. Besides the above-mentioned components, sexuality can be defined as:

• A lifelong process beginning from birth.

• A function of one's whole personality.

• About who you are.

• What you feel about being a man or a woman.

• About how you interact with members of the same and opposite sex.

• About sharing and intimacy. Human Sexuality

• Is the way you think?

• Is the way you feel?

• Is the way you behave?

• It is the function of your whole personality and is a lifelong process.

• How you feel about yourself as a person.

• How you feel about yourself as a man or as a woman.

• How you communicate with others.

• How the world sees you as a man or as a woman.