Short Essay on the Manufacturing Industries (India)



India is a developing country in the world. Dense population, lack of resources, slow momentum, shy capital, lack of technological know how, etc. have kept India's industrial development at low level. However, a breakthrough has been achieved in the recent times.

Cotton Textile Industry.

China is the leader in cotton textile manufacturing. India is second in the production of fabrics after China. The USA, Japan and most of European countries have excelled in this industry.

Woollen Textile Industry.

The CIS, China, Japan, the UK and the USA are important for manufacturing of woollen textiles. India's woollen textile industry is in poor state of development.

Silk Textile Industry.

Japan is the leading silk textile producer in the world. It produces two-thirds and China one-fifths of world's raw silk. India's position is not very sound because most of its raw silk (90%) is used by the handloom industry.

Rayon Textile Industry.

Japan is the world leader in rayon textile production. Other producers are the USA, the UK, Italy, Germany, etc. India enjoys a high reputation in the development of rayon textile industry in the world.

Jute Textile Industry.

India is the leader in jute textile industry. Annually, it produces one million tonnes of jute goods.

Bangladesh ranks the second largest producer in the world. Both India and Bangladesh have a monopoly in this industry. West European countries are minor producers.

Iron and Steel Industry.

India has a well developed industry. There are 8 countries which produce more than India's steel production.

China produces 6 times that of India, CIS about 10 times and the USA 5 times of India's production of steel.

Machine Tool Industry.

The leading producers are the USA, Germany, France, the U.K., Britain, Sweden, Italy, Czechoslovakia, Russia and Japan. India, China, Australia and South Africa also have well developed machine tool industry.

Petro-chemicals, plastics, chemicals, agricultural machines, textile machines, engineering goods manufacturing, automobiles, electrical goods, photographic, electronic, tele-communication equipment, fertilizers, fishing vessels, rail engines and coaches, mining equipment etc. are manufactured in a number of countries of the world.

The leading manufacturers are the USA, Canada, the UK, Germany, France, Italy, Russia, Japan, China, Korea, Australia, South Africa and India.

India has attained proficiency in manufacturing a long list of industrial items. These are manufactured in different parts of the country. Manufacturing of Military hardwares like armoured vehicles, guns, tanks, radar, fighter aircrafts, halicopters, naval ships, submarines, gun boats, explosives, ammunition etc. are carried on in the USA, the UK, Germany, Sweden, France, Russia, China and India.

Information Technological equipment like computers, T.V, radio, wireless and other sophisticated electronic goods arc manufactured in the USA, Japan, the U.K., Germany, France, China, India, Australia etc.