What are the Factors that Affect Emotional Development in Children?

1. Hereditary factors

It has been seen that some similarities are found between the emotional development of parents as well as children.

2. Maturation

As the child develops mentally, he also gets emotionally matured. It has been proved through experiments by psychologists that development of emotions of the child depends upon the level of maturation the child.

3. Training

Watson has proved that children learn through conditioning. He did an experiment on a nine months-old baby. The baby was shown a rat and in the background a loud sound was made. After some time it has seen that the baby started crying at the sight of the rat.

Thus it was proved that young children's emotions are influenced by conditioning. Through experiments, it was seen that children start getting scared of the things with which their mothers feels frightened when the parents expresses affection he also starts responding in the same manner. If there is expression of physical love in the family, he also kisses hugs and expresses love by touching.

4. Health

Children with sound health are able to control their emotions in a better way. Children who are weak remain irritable, easily excitable and emotionally unstable.

5. Intelligence

Children who are intelli­gent are emotionally stable. Children with low intelligence quotient are emotionally unstable.

6. Family relation

Relation of family members with each other and how they express their emotions affects the emotional behaviour of the child. If the behaviour of the parents is stable and they express their emotions in a subdued and balanced manner, the child will also learn to express his emotion in a balanced manner.

If the parents shout in anger, show violent behaviour, the baby also adopts the same behaviour and shows temper tantrums. He will throw his toys and other things in a fit of anger. Over pampering makes the child obstinate and indiscipline. Parents who are not able to give time to their children or somehow don't show any affection, their children become submissive or introvert.

7. Social environment

Just like family, neighbourhood, school, society members exert influence on the emotional development of the child. If the environment of the society is tense and emotionally charged the child will also become emotionally unstable. If people around are emotionally stable, they express their emotions in a socially approved way. If people have control over their emotions the child also imitates and follows the same pattern regarding his emotions. He will learn better control over his emotion and will always try to confirm the socially approved way of expressing his emotions.

8. Control over emotions

To main­tain physical and mental health, it is very necessary to have control over emotions. At the time of emotional state, body undergoes many changes like change in blood circulation, pulse rate, breathing, effect on digestive system, stretching of eyes, closing of fists, etc. When these emotional states are created in the body frequently and intensely, it affects the body badly.

That is why it is very necessary to exercise control over emotions and they should be expressed in a socially approved manner so that the person and the people around him can live in peace and harmony.