Essay on the concept of Promotion System in India



The seniority-cum-merit is the governing principle of promotion in India. The relative weight to the two factors varies from jurisdiction to jurisdiction but on the whole, seniority basis is firmly entrenched and departures from it are made but rarely unless the senior person is declared unfit.

The Central Pay Commission recommended that for many situations specially those in which long familiarity with office work is itself adequate training, the rule of seniority may generally be followed in the higher grades of service, considerations of fitness must have precedence over the claim of seniority.

The promotion-making authority in India is the Government or the head of the department concerned, but promotions to higher posts are generally made in consultation with the Public Service Commission both at the Centre and in the States. As regards promotions to other grades of service, the procedure is not uniform. In some jurisdictions, clearance with the Public Service Commission is the rule even in case of promotions to Group or Class II, while in others the matter is decided by the official Heads.

In Class-to-Class promotions, especially in the higher brackets of situations, clearance with the Finance Department also is necessary.

Promotions or appointments to the top posts like those of Secretaries require the approval of the Prime Minister or the Chief Minister in case of the States, but in India such approval is not dependent on the recommendation of the official head of the service as in England.

On the contrary, it is said the ministers (specially at the center) are allowed free latitude in the matter and sometimes are able to bring in men from their own state or community as secretaries to their depart me This practice is unsound because the men fitted up for top positions are naturally few and have to rationed out according to the need.

Departmental ministers have no appreciation of the needs departments, other than their own. The Prime Minister alone is in a position to arrive at a correct decided in the matter, and be given as a matter of course, but only on the advice of the Home or Final Secretary at the Centre, and the Chief Secretary in the States.

Regarding machinery for promotion, in a few departments, the selection is made by Promotion Boards or Committees. Thus grade-to-grade promotions in the Central Secretariat Service are m "initially by a departmental promotion committee consisting of a member of the Union Public Ser Commission as Chairman and senior officers of the Department who generally have personal knowledge of the work of the officers of whom selection has to be made.

The recommendations of the Department Promotion Committee are placed before the Union Public Service Commission for ratification. Select1 Service is made by a Committee constituted for each state, which consists of the Chairman or members of the Union Public Service Commission and other members drawn from the senior most officers of State cadre or Indian Administrative Service.

They prepare a list of officers of the State Civil Ser suitable for promotion to the I.A.S. The list is made on the basis of merit and suitability in all respect with due regard to seniority." Eight years minimum service qualifies for selection, but a junior officer be placed in the list over a senior one if he has exceptional merit.

The list is forwarded by the State Government to the Union Public Service Commission for approval. Promotions are made from approved list as vacancies occur. The Committee meets at intervals not exceeding a year.