Short essay on India’s Relation with China



From the very early times India had contact with China. Indian culture flourished is China. Kashyapa Matanga and Dharmaratna are credited with spreading Buddism in China. It is believed that Sivakara (Unmata Singha) a king belonging to the Bhaumakara dynasty in Orissa sent an autographed manuscript of a Buddhist work to the Chinese emperor Te- Tsong. Chinese pilgrims also visited India in large numbers. The most important among them was Hiuen-Tsang, who visited Orissa during 7th century A.D. Hiuen-Tsang established new schools of Buddhist philosophy in China and translated Buddhist work into Chinese language.

India also had trade and commercial relation with Tibet, Japan, Mongolia. Colonies have been established in Java, Sumatra, Bali, Borneo, Kambuja, Champa, Siam, and Ceylon as we have mentioned above.

The relation of India with Ceylon is very old. According to Mahavamsa Vijay the first king of Ceylon came from eastern India. With Ceylon there existed a regular traffic by the, sea route. As we know Sanghamitra and Mahendra sailed from Tamra lipti to Ceylon. In 414 A.D. it was from this port of Orissa that the Chinese pilgrim. Fa-hien sailed in a large merchant vessel and arrived at Ceylon.

From Ceylonese Buddhist work, Datavamsa of the 3rd century A.D. that King Guha sent the sacred tooth relic of Buddha to the court of the King of Ceylon in the custody by his daughter Hemamala and son in law Prince Danta Kumar of Ujjain. It was through the medium of Buddhism that cultural and colonial contacts were established with Ceylon.

Thus we see that Indian culture and civilisation was not confined to India; its influence was felt in other country and the main purpose of establishment of colonies abroad with the spread of Indian culture and civilisation.