Mahatma Gandhi is called the father of the Nation. India got freedom under his leadership. He fought against the powerful British rulers.
Gandhiji was bom on October 2, 1869 at Porbondar in Gujarat. His father was the dewan of a princely state and his mother a god-fearing, pious lady.
In his boyhood, Mohandas was a shy, average type of student. After passing Matriculation examination, he was sent to England for higher study. In England, he lived a simple life.
He returned to India as a lawyer. He went to South Africa. He fought for the rights of the people there. He worked to improve the lot of Indian people.
After returning to India, he took part in the freedom movement. He travelled all over the country to study the people of India. He saw poverty and suffering all around. He went to jail many times. He followed the principle of truth and ahimsa.
He was a true son of Mother India. Truth and nonviolence were his two great weapons. He worked for Hindu-Muslim unity.
On January 30, 1948, he was shot dead by Nathu Ram Godse when he was returning after prayer. The whole world mourned at his death. He is no more with us, but his life and philosophy will continue to guide the people all over the world for years to come.