What are the Main Causes of Maladjustment?

Causes of Maladjustment:

The five main causes of maladjusted behaviour of adolescent are as follows:

(i) Family:

The family as an institution has various functions to perform various causes e.g. social, economic and psychological contribute immensely to maladjusted behaviour in children.

(a) Social causes:

Gibbon says that the social problem of one generation is the psychological problem of the next generation. Children coming from homes that have been broken due to death, divorce, desertion, separation etc., are often maladjusted in their behaviour.

Such children feel insecure and become maladjusted. With the tremendous growth in population, it is extremely difficult for parents to provide even the basic necessities like food, clothing and shelter to their children. It invariably results in greater degree of frustration and hostility amongst them.

(b) Economic causes:

The occupational status of parents problems of unemployment poverty and low economic status breed maladjustment amongst children.

(c) Psychological causes:

If parents are over-possessive highly authoritative, unrealistic in their expectations incompatible and abusive, this will have an adverse effect upon their children. When the psychological needs are not met, children get frustrated and develop problems like nail biting fear of dark, lack of self confidence.

(ii) Personal causes:

The individuals who are physically, mentally and visually handicapped react abnormally to the situation. When they cannot score well academically compared to their peers, they develop an inferiority complex.

Finally they isolate themselves from others and indulge in day-dreaming.

(iii) School-related causes:

When growing children do not find ways and means to channelize their energy in a purposeful manner in the school they exhibit in maladjusted behaviour.

(iv) Teacher-related causes:

If the teacher is unfair, biased or not involved with the student it certainly affects the mental health of the children in the school.

(v) Peer-group related causes:

Another important factor that disturbs the psycho-equilibrium of students is an unhealthy relationship with their peer group.