The teacher or the school has a major role in facilitating the overall development of children once they are enrolled in the school.
Educational Implications of Physical Development:
The bodily or physical health of children is indispensable for their success and efficiency in all fields of life. The psychologists have reiterated that this aspect of development should be paid the attention by all those persons who deal with the education and welfare of the children.
For this purpose, the school must have a regular programme of health education. Adequate facilities for liberal
participation in sport and games and other physical exercises appropriate to the level of growth should be provided to the students.
We should give them practical information concerning physical growth, personal hygiene, food habits, etc. It is hoped that a brief, interesting and easily understandable task, introducing them to various development stages, would certainly help them to form a correct picture in their own minds regarding their own changing selves and their roles in life.
This may also serve as safeguard against the possibility of their developing irrational worries regarding abrupt development taking place in their bodies. A teacher, can successfully accomplish this task if he has a sound knowledge of the physical development of children.
With the increased rate of physical change consequent to the transition from one phase of development to another, their behaviour and attitudes are also bound to change. We realise the varying treatment, suitable to the physical growth level, is needed by children.
It is found that the upper primary, secondary and senior secondary students are very tender physically. This is the reason why they need affection and tender treatment in the classroom. Developing children must not be rashly stuffed with bookish learning.
Instead of it, their educational programmes should include a combination of varied activities in and out of the classroom. Adolescents are in need of sympathetic understanding and friendliness. They are often found clumsy, awkward, aggressive and often violent.
Jet must be remembered that physical health is the basis of all development. The all-round and healthy development of children is exceedingly dependent upon healthy physical growth. Children who have a feeling that they are physically fit are favorably affected by this internal picturing of themselves.
They are most likely to develop confidence and a will to improve further. On the other hand, children suffering from a feeling that there is something wrong somewhere in their bodies have less chance to approach life confidently and to make any substantial achievement.
A teacher should therefore make efforts to promote a sense of well-being in the children by developing an interest among them in the physical culture programmers of the school. He should promote the development of positive and healthy feelings in children regarding the present state of their physical health.
Taking care of physical health of the children at the school leave is the first and foremost function of the physical health instructor and the gymnastics and sports teacher.
Educational Implications of Social Development
(a) Social growth:
The social growth of children is a significant process.
This growth is too important to be ignored by the teacher and the parents Children's social development affects their whole life, including their scholastic achievement. Hence the school should try to provide adequate opportunities that are deemed to be favourable to the social growth of the children.
It should create a healthy atmosphere in and outside the classroom. The children will feel it convenient and desirable to develop satisfying social relations with others.
(b) Feeling of security:
A class teacher should aim at promoting a feeling o security in the minds of children. Each student should be helped to develop healthy and desirable relations with classmates. He should be inspired to participate in group activities in and out of the classroom.
(c) Knowledge full of utility:
Education should develop in the student useful knowledge, skills, and habits for successful and effective social living. It is desirable for the teacher to import knowledge in an interesting and stimulating manner
(d) Form of knowledge:
Merely bookish stuff is not enough. Instead of it, the teacher should bring out the social and cultural implications of the various subjects taught in the classroom.
In the same way the training of a student in a particular field is also socially essential. Students must be motivated to take interest in a practical scientific mechanical as technical subject. Consequently they will develop a taste for mastering useful skills in a particular practical subject.
Such mastery and the allied technical skills are economically paying and socially very helpful. It helps a student in making and maintaining desirable social relations throughout adult life. A teacher should keep in mind this fact.
(f) Inculcation of Habits:
In a school, a student is able to acquire socially desirable habits and attitudes. It is observed that different children react differently to the same classroom situation. Individual attention should be paid to guide children effectively.
(i) The aggressive children must be taught the art of submission.
(ii) The sky children be given opportunities for self-assertion.
(iii) The delinquent child should be introduced to the desirability of respecting the law.
If the above said opportunities are forthcoming the child will have chance to develop into a socially healthy adult.
There should be adequate provision of wider socio-cu/traffic activities. Teachers should stimulate children to develop a keen interest in hobbies and in indoor and outdoor recreation. In this connection it is found that group play and other organized recreational activities play a vital role in the child's development.
Through these recreational activities the child's makes contacts with other children, student learns to abide by the rules of the game, i.e. is trained in the art getting along with others cheerfully. The students bold be given the kinds of cultural and recreational programmes which are est. suited to their development level.
The clubs, camps, group and societies should be organized) r maintaining the social health of children. There should be provision of mall literary and social groups, screening of educational films, drama, clubs, of scout groups, girl guide groups, camp fires, etc. These things gave wholesome social diet for school children.
However activities of these organizations should not be entirely it he hands of children themselves. Instead there should be judicious guidance, advice and direction of the programmes by the teacher. However sufficient liberty and freedom should be given to children to manage these group organizations. It will give them great pleasure and satisfy their desire to direct their own affairs.
314. List out the method for helping in maintaining emotional balance, ins.
Educational implications of emotional development:
Usually children express many emotions link anger, fear, jealousy, affection, joy, pleasure, etc. Positive emotions help the child to develop a positive outlook about life.
The allowing methods are offered to help children in maintaining emotional balance.
Tired children are difficult to handle. Therefore, efforts may be made not to cause undue fatigue to them.
Children in poor health are irritable. Hence the health of children should be properly looked after.
Association with emotional people:
Children imitate the behaviour of year elders parents, teachers and other adults and peer groups. Suitable examples should be presented by the elders.
The more restrictions are imposed on the child, the lore revolting he becomes. This means that a suitable disciplinary mechanism bold be evolved.
A child shows emotional outbursts when he is faced it a strange situation or for which he is not prepared. Proper training to ice such situations needs to be given gradually.
expression of feelings:
Children should be helped to express their emotions la natural way. They should be helped to develop a realistic understanding of tuitions that arouse unpleasantness.
Children should be helped to learn how to control their
feelings which may offend others. They should be gradually directed to. exe more of self-control.
Counseling may be useful in cases of a highly disturb emotional state of the mind.
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