Lai Bahadur Shastri was born on 2nd October, 1904 at Mughal Sarai town in Uttar Pradesh. His father Sharda Prasad was a man of very limited means.
He was hardly two years old when he lost his father. After his father's death, his mother left for her parent's house. After receiving primary education at Mughal Sarai, he went to his uncle at Varanasi and joined Harish Chander High School.
Thereafter he joined Kashi Vidya Peeth at Varanasi and passed his examinations in the first division.
He offered Satyagraha and was sentenced to imprisonment at different times. In all he had to spend almost eight long years in internment.
As prime minister he had to face a multitude of problems. In fact, he assumed the office of Prime Minister immediately after the death of Jawahar Lai Nehru.
During Indo-Pak war, Lai Bahadur Shastri showed rare quality of courage and determination. His speeches during the war aspired the people of India.
They were galvanized. He gave a slogan Jai Jawan Jai Kissan". The slogan instilled in the forces a triumphant spirit.
He died on 11th Jan, 1966. The tragic news of his death at Tashkant spread-like a wild fire. Now Vijayghat stands memorial to this heroic man.
Lai Bahadur Shastri was truly a great man who gave less importance to himself and more to institutions.