If Mahatma Gandhi is the father of the Nation, Jawahar Lai Nehru is the architect of modern India. He was one of the leaders who led India to freedom. He shaped India's destiny during his seventeen years when he was the Prime Minister.
He was born with a silver spoon in his mouth. His father, Pt Moti Lai Nehru, was one of the leading lawyers of India. He was born in Allahabad in 1889 on 14 the November. He was sent to England at the age of 15 for his higher studies.
There he joined the Public School at Harrow. Then he went to Cambridge University where he took his degree in 1910. Then he joined law. He was called to bar in 1912. He came to India and started his practice at Allahabad High Court. He was married to Smt Kamla Devi at the age of 24.
Those were the days when Gandhiji had returned from South Africa. Drawn by the magic of Gandhiji Jawaher Lai Nehru jumped into politics. He gave up his practice and joined the Non co-operation movement started by Gandhiji. He went to jail many times and became a fearless soldier of the freedom struggle. He was determined to bring freedom for his countrymen and for this he struggled hard against the British Rule.
He bore punishment happily. Prison life could not crush his spirit. He acted as Congress President in four different years before India got independence. When India became free, he was elected the first Prime Minister of India.
As the Prime Minister of a newly Independent country, he discharged his duties very well. India made great progress under his guidance. He started five years plans and fought against hunger, poverty and unemployment, which was the major problems, our country was suffering from. Once Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of free India, had said, "the country is marching forward on the road of progress under the leadership of Panditji".
This show how efficient and dedicated was Pt. Nehru. Actually, it was he who shaped the destiny of our country. He solved some difficult problem of the country as well as the world.
Pt. Nehru was a true lover of peace. Hence he didn't join any of the two super blocs-one belonged to USA and the other belonged to USSR. Instead he followed the policy of Non- alignment, which shows his great insight and political understanding. He laid down five principles of Panchsheel' for peaceful co-existence after China attacked India in 1962.
This attack had a bad effect upon his health because he never expected that China would prove treacherours. He had heart attack on 27th of May, 1964 and passed away from this world. His death shocked the whole world.
Apart from being a top-ranked statesman Pt. Nehru was a good writer too. His 'My Autobiography', The Discovery of India', and " The Glimpses of World History' have got wide name as fame. He loved children to the core of his heart. Children too loved him with same instinct and called him 'Chacha Nehru'. As a mark of his love for children, his birthday is celebrated as The Children's Day' every year with great enthusiasm throughout the country.
Pt. Nehru is not among us but his high ideals and principles based on humanity is still alive. It is out first and foremost duty to follow the path shown by him. That will be the greatest tribute to him.