Brief notes on the Tenth Five Year Plan of India (2002-07)

The NDC (National Development Council) unanimously approved. Approach Paper to Tenth Plan in its meeting held on 1st September 2001. The first chapter 'The Approach Paper' discussed the objectives, targets and strategy of the Tenth Plan.

In subsequent chapters it has dealt with financial resources for the plan, sectoral policy issues, design of programmes, governance and institutional framework to development, etc.

Planning Commission has drawn up this time a reform plan instead of merely a resource plan. It has fixed the objective of doubling the per capita income in 10 years.

With population expected to grow at about 1.6% per annum, this target requires GDP growth-rate of around 8.7%. But the approach paper has proposed that the Tenth Plan should aim at an indicative target of 8% GDP growth for the period 2002-2007.

Main Objectives: The main objectives of the Tenth Plan are:

(i) Reduction of poverty ratio to 20% by 2007 and to 10% by 2012,

(ii) Providing gainful employment to the addition to the labour force over the Tenth, Plan period.

(iii) Reduction in the decadal rate of population growth between 2001 and 2011 to| 16.2%,

(iv) Universal access to primary education by 2007,

(v) Increase in Literacy rates to 72% by 2007 and 80% by 2012,

(vi) Reduction of Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) to 20 per 1000 live births by 2007 and to 10 by 2012,

(vii) Reduction of Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) to 45 per 1000 live births by 20071 and to 28 by 2012,

(viii) Increase in forest and free cover to 25% by 2007 and 33% by 2012.

(ix) All villages to have access to potable drinking water by 2012,

(x) Cleaning of all major polluted rivers by 2007 and other notified stretches" by 2012.

In the Tenth Plan, the Gross Investment as a ratio of GDP will be 32.6%, out of which 29.8% will be domestic savings and the balance, 2.8% would be external borrowings.