What is the socialist viewpoint regarding the sphere of state activity?

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According to the socialist thinkers, the state, through its government, should aim at establishing equality and eliminating exploitation. It should carry out some welfare activities for its citizens and not merely perform coercive func­tions. Some of the functions which a state should undertake are the following:

(a) Making provision for education;

(b) Improving health and sanitation facilities;

(c) Improving the means of transport;

(d) Helping agriculture, trade and industry;

(e) Organising labour welfare programmes;

(f) Organising a social security system;

(g) Undertaking social reforms;

(h) Making provision for recreational facilities;

(i) Controlling the means of production and distribution.


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