Short essay on the Control of Water Pollution

For controlling pollution of water, Government of India has already enacted the Water Pollution (Control and Prevention) Act in 1974. However, this could not be implemented successfully on account of a number of factors.

(1) Economy

(2) Lack of proper utilization of existing man­ power

(3) Literacy

(4) People's disregard towards the pollution hazards and the harmful effects.

Some of the important measures recommended are given below:

(a) Community and industrial wastes must not be allowed to go into water bodies (river, lake, and pond) without suitable treatment,

(b) The sewage should be treated effectively and small treatment plants should be installed in populated urban areas within 6 k.m. range.

(c) Effluents should be so chlorinated before the final discharge to reduce the river pathogenic bacterial flora. Ideal concentration is less than O.lmg/lit.

(d) Excretion on the banks of the rivers and lakes should be restricted. “Sulabha” public toilets should be constructed for that purpose.

(e) City garbage should be collected for filling up low-lying area.

(f) Quality map of rivers water should be prepared for selecting the site for public water supply.

(g) Industrial effluents containing toxic elements like" mercury, zinc, nickel must not be allowed to go in to the public sewer line. Instead, these should be separately transported to independent treatment plant depending on the nature of effluents.