Paragraph on Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

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The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre was another touchstone to test the leadership of Gandhiji. In Amritsar at Punjab people had gathered in a garden named Jallianwala Bagh Massacre to discuss about the arrest and deportation of their popular leaders Dr. Satyapaland, Dr. Kitchlewon 13, and April, 1919. Brigadier General Dyer had issued a declaration prohibiting public gathering in the town which was hardly known by the people. When the meeting was over, Dyer ordered his soldiers to shower bullets on the people who tried to come out through the only entrance (exit) way leading to the garden and all the people were massacred in the cold blood. Against this black rule of the British, the Indians protested and Rabindranath Tagore left his Knighthood (Sir) and Shankar Ram Nagar resigned from the membership of the Viceroy's Council." Though Lord Chelmsford, the Viceroy of India appointed the Hunter Committee to enquire the matter, the Indian leaders boycotted this committee. The Indian National Congress appointed its own committee for a detailed inquiry of the matter. This committee consisted of Mahatma Gandhi, Motilal Nehru, Abbas Tyabi and M.R. Kayaker. Gandhiji suspended his satyagraha terming it as 'Himalayan Blunder'. This emerged Gandhi to lead the millions of Indians on the path of truth and non­violence to fight against the British authority and to bring freedom for India.


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