It is all the transcendence of human race that people today reach the height of maximum luxury upgrading from the days of their very ancient Stone and Cave age. What human being has achieved today was once only a dream out of reach. But man's curiosity—perhaps the most wonderful gift given to man by God was behind his quest leading to wholehearted efforts to convert all impossible dreams of yesteryears into reality.
Today in the 21st century, men have reasons enough to be proud for their unique achievements. From stepping into the moon of cloning genes, there has been a long list of tremendous success of science and technology. But restless people's mind has still enough desire for even greater achievements. And there is every reason to believe that in the coming days many of such dreams would be possible for us.
Today at the starting days of the 21st century, Technology is the most pronouncing name all over the world. We are at the age of computer. Application of computer is becoming a common name in all aspects of life.
Computer now no longer remains only a laboratory kit. Its application ventures into industrial setups, health care facilities, educational institutions, banking systems, ticket booking counters, carrying out business proceedings, governmental jobs in fact in all aspects. Greater accuracy, more memory capacity and time saving ability of computer make people more and more interested towards its application.
CD-ROMS have already ventured into conventional paper printings with their greater storage capacity and longer safety. Internet the name has already created history turning out the world into a global village.
Electronic commerce (E-com) is all set to create big bonanza in the 21st century where a man in India sitting with his computer could order his required assets at a market complex in America and within hours, he could get delivered his required assets at his doorstep. Software experts are continuing their efforts to create even new miracles.
Home works have already been carried out to regulate computer applications. Pirated software packages, leaving computer viruses in the net are creating havoc all over the world. The recent "love bug" menace stalled net application throughout the world for several hours leading billions of dollar loss incurred in the worldwide business proceedings. Need therefore now arises to have strict international cyber laws to prevent such crimes.
Medical science is yet another area where man has already gained big success. Bypass surgery organ transplantation, CAT scan, ultrasound, Keyhole surgery are the names that have given maximum safety to human life. Using modern equipment in human body, diagnosis and surgery has already created history. Computer application has given greater accuracy and sophisticated modes to medical facilities.
Telemedicine now makes possible distant treatment, where a patient can consult with his physician by pressing keys in the keyboard. In the coming days, it would have greater access where a patient sitting in India could consult and get treatment from a specialist in America. Application of robots in surgery is already under experiment in Western countries.
In the coming days of the 21st century where a surgeon could sit in his place and just by pressing keys perform surgery getting assistance from the robot. The recent success by the scientists in human gene mapping has marked another grand success in the field of medical science. Scientists now believe that it would be possible to have absolute treatment for diseases like cancer or AIDS in our coming days.
Like polio or pox, many other diseases would also be completely eradicated from our life. However, in the time of overall human health management, there remain many shortfalls. Inequality in human health security is a big defeat for medical science. High cost now becomes a factor where the rich can only afford to get specialised medical facilities.
For the poor, better medical facilities are still a distant dream. Large number of children still is dying of malnutrition in many African countries. Every day, more than 1000 women die all over the world in problems related to pregnancy and childbirth. In our country malaria and tuberculosis still cost large number of deaths. In many places, villagers nave still to depend on quacks since they cannot afford modern medical treatment.
What we now need is equality in terms of health care facilities. Let's hope we achieve this goal in the coming days of the 21st century.
In the field of space science, there has been success beyond imagination. Once people dreamt of getting the moon in their hands. And today after stepping into the moon they are now dreaming of making holiday resorts at moon.
Success achieved in mission Mars has thrown new light on the possibility of life in other planets. Grand success achieved in space science has now led to spectacular achievements in the field of communications like E-mail, Internet, ISD system, mobile Tele system, fax etc. Recent revolution in TV broadcasting is also due to grand success achieved in the Space science.
In transport, air service system has already created revolution turning the world into an area of only a few hours of journey. Supersonic jets are now under trial, which would give fastest ever transport facilities. Railway system of transportation has achieved steep heights. Japan has already created history by introducing fastest ever electronic railway engine. Gradual decrease of conventional fuels like petroleum or coal has now led people to find out non-conventional fuel resources.
A vehicle driven with solar energy is already under trial. Solar energy would be the mains source of fuel in future, which would also be eco-friendly.
In the field of agriculture also, people's efforts have led to tremendous achievements. Green revolution has created history all over the world Biotechnology has helped hybridization where scientists have come out with success in producing advanced varieties of high-yielding, disseat resistance or drought-resistance seeds.
With the assistance of satellites meteorological science has got new boost-up with early prediction of proper time management or water management for better cultivation. As has been reported scientists in Britain recently created a type of insect the can kill any other type of crop destructing pests. In the coming days man new evolutions are in the line which, would make possible even evolution are in the line which would make possible even better crop management.
In the field of nuclear science, scientists have already developed fission technology to produce greater energy. They have already learnt to produce nuclear energy from high-powered radioactive elements like plutonium, thorium or uranium. In the wake of decreasing stock of non-renewable sources, people have even learnt of making artificial radioactive material India's Kamini Research Reactor has already set example using "Uranium 233"; a man-made fissionable material derived from thorium, as fuel.
Efforts have been continued to harness fusion of hydrogen atom. In the coming days of the 21st century, scientists would certainly come out with success trapping large amount of energy from fusion of hydrogen atoms, to be used in useful purposes.
Success of science and technology is tremendous. We have already achieved a lot and there is lot more to be achieved in the coming days. But where science and technology has made us materially rich in socioeconomic front, the world is also going to be a big loser. Man's de; to achieve beyond limit has now threatened safety of human life.
We fast proceeding industrial setup, environmental pollution is becoming a common name. Vehicular pollution is fast growing at a pace emitting poisonous gases everyday in the environment. Number of patients suffering from respiratory ailments, skin diseases or other health hazards is increasing every day. Being one of the most polluted cities in the world, thousands of residents in Delhi are reportedly suffering from respiratory problems.
Green house effect is becoming a serious concern threatening world environment. With the increase of industrial activity and decrease of forest coverage, carbon-di-oxide level is rising in the environment at a rate faster than the normal resulting in rising of world temperatures. Scientists have reported melting of ice in the Polar Regions and rising of the sea level. It has now been predicted that by the mid of the 21st century, many islands and parts of the countries will submerge under sea.
Ozone depletion is yet another reality creating havoc in our life. Refrigerator, a success of science, has added luxury to our life, but the coolants used here now remain one of the major sources of chloro-floro- carbon (CFC), that causes depletion of the Ozone layer, the protection barrier of the poisonous ultraviolet light. With the influence of UV light, danger of skin cancer is rising tremendously.
As Darwin explained in his theory of evolution, to keep balance on earth every species need to keep its multiplication at a balanced rate. With excessive multiplication of human population, other species are downing their population rate. Several varieties of birds and animals are already extinct from our environment. With greater human establishment, forest coverage is fast reducing. Landslides, heavy rains leading to floods have now become the common occurrences.
Large-scale competition among the human beings has led to shortage of all conventional resources on the earth. For example, the scientists have predicted that by the mid of this century, the world would face big potable water crisis.
On the social front, disparity between the rich and the poor is increasing tremendously. Social tension is mounting steadily. People are going to be more and more mechanical. Joint family norms is now almost outdated.
People have become more and more self-centered. With lack of sympathy among the rich for the poor, social crimes are raising reducing safety to man's life with deprived classes as also neo-rich taking to crime.
Disparity among the countries has also been rising. Countries have become more and thirstier to increase their influence. Various world organisations like WTO, UN, etc. have no longer remained fair in conducting their business. In these organisations, voice of the rich countries prevails to the neglect of the poor countries.
The North-South gap has been rising tremendously. Where the American and European countries are turning to be world's heaven in terms of luxury, people of many African countries are dying of malnutrition, disease and death.
Political disparity is mounting among the global powers increasing regional tensions. Even after experiencing war havoc a number of times; nations do not seem to have learnt to avoid conflict. To show their own muscle power, countries have concentrated beefing up their stockpile of conventional and nuclear arms.
Again both economic and political disparity is giving birth to rebel groups within the countries. World terrorism is now creating havoc all over the world. Man is the most successful creation of God. And all human beings always seek mental peace perhaps the most wonderful gift of God. The revolution of scientific inventions was all started to give comfort and happiness to man's life.
When Einstein evaluated his theory of relativity (E=mc2) perhaps he did not even imagine that one day men would apply it to enrich their stockpile of dreaded nuclear weapons. But very unfortunately people's desires to feed beyond limit make them hawkish against one another. It took thousands of years to reach at today's level of progress, but it will not take even a day to go back to our days of origin.
Fortunately a sane human mind can never desire for destruction. World efforts are continuing to ensure permanent peace. At the beginning of the 21st century, can we really hope of getting a world of love, unity and peace in our coming days? Religion which should be source of mental peace, universal brotherhood, and respect for other beliefs is now being misused to promote terrorism whether it is Kashmir, Chechnya, the Philippines or elsewhere by Islamic fundamentalists.
The unprovoked killing of innocent and devout pilgrims to Amarnath, the Nature-made (not man-made) Shiv lingam, in Jammu & Kashmir is a gruesome reminder to the extent where religious fanaticism has reached. Is it not better to be an atheist than theist, if such brutalities are to be heaped on human beings in the name of religion? Amar Nath symbolises God's incarnation in snow to most, it is not Ram Janambhoomi-Babri Mosque dispute which should lead to inter- religion clashes.
Let man learn to co-exist that is the only wish of every peace-loving person for the 21st century.