India has a unique and wonderful culture embracing in diversities of castes, languages and religions. It is a land of different castes, creeds etc. Inspite of these divergences there was always a general feeling oneness and Indianness.
All the cultural | tradition of India is characterized by unity in diversity. The fundamental unity was never lost inspite of all changes and developments.
During the great Indian Freedom Movement people with difference of languages, regions, castes and creeds etc. join their hands to drive out British power from the soil of India. It truly speaks the concept of "United we stand divided we fall".
But in recent years, unprecedented havoc of communalism, terrorism, casteism, linguism and provincialism raised its ugly heads in different pockets of India. The menace of antisocial and antinational force posed a severe challenge to the survival of democracy in our country. Even the life of common people is in peril.
Therefore after Independence national integration has become a problem for us. We are thinking in terms of fostering understanding among the people of this subcontinent through mass consciousness and education.
Pandit Nehru, once said that "Political Integration has already taken place but what I am after is something much deeper than that an emotional integration of Indian people so that two may be welded into one strong national unity, maintaining at the same time all our wonderful diversity"
National unity or national integration finds its expression through the feeling of oneness, common, identity, nationalism patriotism and sense of loyalty towards the nation. When the feeling of cooperation and brotherhood manifests itself in the sense of mutual oneness among the citizens of the nation become conscious of national unity identity and integrity.
National integration is a sentiment in which the people of a country have the feeling of living together with goodwill for all, the desire of Co-operation and sympathy for each other, the willingness to forget difference of caste, language, religion and region etc. to work together for the welfare of the country.
Above all, the duty consciousness as the citizens of a multi-religious and multilingual country. A man being imbibe with national, Unity forgets all bias and differences.