Labourers below the age of 14 years are called child labour. India has the largest number of child labour in the world. According to the census figures of 1991, India has 11.29 million child labourers which constitute 1.34 per cent of the total population of our country. Most of the child labourers are engaged in agriculture and allied subject like livestock, foresting and fisheries. In the urban areas children work in dhabas, eateries helpers or cleaners in trucks and as domestic servants etc. They have long working hours, bad and unhygenic working conditions and less wages. The main reason behind child labour is poverty. Children born in poor families are forced to work not only for their own survival but also for their family. Indebtedness of the parents also compels poor parents to their children employed as labourers in agricultural forms, factories, brick kilns and as domestic servants.
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