Biography of Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose



Sir J. C. Bose was an Indian scientist who discovered and proved in the world that plants also have life. They consume food and sleep during nights, and wake up early in the mornings. Pain and pleasures are there for plants too. They also have birth, growth and death, as human beings. These are the discoveries of J. C. Bose.

Sir J. C. Bose was born on November 30, 1859 in Faridhapur, which is now in Bangladesh. He had his early education in St. Xavier’s High School, and college education in Calcutta and later at Cambridge, England. He joined the Presidency College, Calcutta as Assistant Professor of Physics in 1855. He did moot of his research work in that college.

Sir J. C. Bose’s father was a highly placed official in Government of India. He was also a patriot. J. C. Bose was inculcated the curiosity about surroundings and adherence to moral values. J. C. Bose adored Karma of the Mahabharata for his steadfastness and getting success in a defeat.

J. C. Bose was sent to England to get enrolled into Indian Civil Service. He took interest in Botany and Zoology. J. C. Bose, as Assistant Professor and researcher in Physics discovered the following:

1) Generation of electro-magnetic waves of wavelengths 2mm to 5 mm

2) Common nature of electric response to all forms of stimulation.

3) He was the first to find a device that generated micro-waves of very short wavelength.

J. C. Bose attained his greatness in the field of Botany. He was the author of the world famous books.

1) Response in the living and the non-living.

2) The nervous mechanism of plants.

He proved that plants are sensitive to heat, cold, light, noise and other external stimuli, just like human beings. By injecting bromide poison into a living plant he showed that they react the same way as human beings do. This discovery made him world famous. The London Royal Society made him the fellow of the Society. The British government conferred “Knighthood” on him and the title “Sir” was prefixed to his name. Many other honours were conferred on him at home. He had close association with Rabindranath Tagore, the great poet.

On November 23, 1937, J. C. Bose passed away. He left behind him his courage, adventure and scientific spirit for others to emulate.