Pundit Nehru had his early education under a private tutor. He was spending a lot of time with his father’s Mushy who taught him many things including the information on the First War of Independence, 1857. Nehru learnt the need for freedom while he was still a boy. He was sent to England at the age of 15 to join the Harrow Public School. After completing studies there, he joined the Cambridge University. He later joined the Inner Temple to study law and became a Barrister-at-Law.
On return from England he stated practice at Allahabad High Court. But before long he was drawn into the Home-Rule Movement of Anne Beasant. He came under the influence of Balgangadhar Tilak and the thus got fully involved in the freedom movement. He also came in contact with Gandhi. Under his directions as a Congress leader, Nehru took pat in the Non-cooperation Movement, Salt-Satyagrah and Quit India Movement and was jailed for long periods. He was the General Secretary of the Congress Party and was elected as President of the party for times.
He married Kamala Nehru and Indira was born to them in 1917. Kamala Nehru fell sick and Nehru took her to Switzerland for treatment in 1962. But she did not live long. This in a way forced Nehru to spend more time fort the cause of the poor and the needy.
Nehru traveled throughout Europe in 1920 and Russia in 1927 and during these tours he studied economics, sciences and political conditions of Europe and came in contact with eminent writers and politicians. This tour contributed a lot to develop ideas of socialism in him.
In Congress matters, after Gandhiji, it was Nehru who was looked up to by the nation. He was the nearest one to Gandhiji. Anand Bhavan the home of Nehru in Allahabad was the meeting place for all Congressmen. Even before Independence, in meetings with Gandhiji and other eminent persons like SardarVallabhai Patel, Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad, and Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Nehru could visualize plans for the future of free India.
On 15th of August, 1947 India got independence. A part of India was carved as a separate nation and named Pakistan. Pandit Nehru had an able set of Ministers in his cabinet. Sardar Vallabhai Patel, The Iron Man of India, was able to reshape India as a united India with political stability after initial problems of partition. Nehru worked on Five Year Plans. It was his vision and forethought that ushered in the Green Revolution. Irrigation projects and power projects like Bhakra Nangal, Damodar Valley, Nagarjunasagar and Srisailam were taken up and completed, the target, food for all, were achieved.
Pundit Nehru was responsible for the socialistic concept in our Constitution. It was he who started various Institutes of science and technology in different parts of the country. On foreign relations, he developed the concept of ‘Panchsheel’ and signed an agreement on that basis with China. He was a peace loving man with confidence in the U.N.O. That is why he took the issue of Kashmir before the U.N.O. seeing the cold war behavior of big nations; he organized a meet of non-aligned nations with the cooperation of Marshal Tito and President Nasser.
Nehru was a lover of children. He is called by the name ‘Chacha Nehru’. His birthday is celebrated as Children’s day. He was a lover of peace. A dove in his hand symbolizes his efforts for world peace. He succeeded to a great extent in creating a modern India. He always pinned a red rose on his coat.
He was a good writer. When he was in jail, he wrote the book “Discovery of India”. His letters to his daughter Indira, were published as ‘Glimpses of World History’. He breathed his last on 27th May 1964 leaving the nation to mourn his death.