Paragraph on Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq

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Ghazi Malik (Ghiyas-ud-din) was the founder of the Tughlak dynasty. During the region of Alla-ud-din Khiliji, he had been the governor of the North-West Frontier Province. He usurped the throne from the last Khiliji ruler, Khusro Khan and started his own dynasty of the Tughlaks. After becoming the Sultan, first of all he restored peace and order and tried to win over the Turkish nobles. He re-organized the administration by appointing efficient and honest men. Land revenue, which had been raised to half of the total producing during Alla-ud-din’s reign, was now reduced to one-tenth of the produce. To set the state in order, the Sultan sent many expeditions against those who were asserting their independence. He himself went to Bengal and brought the situation under control. On his return, he was welcomed by his son, Juna Khan in a pavilion, which was built so as to collapse at the slightest touch. As the Sultan entered the pavilion, it collapsed and he was killed under it. Juna Khan then ascended the throne as Mohammed-bin-Tughlak in A.D. 1325.


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