What are the aims and objectives of teaching English?

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Nowadays English has a special and predominant role in the communicative sphere of the world. It has also a special identity in the field of education.

A language is a medium of communication and interacting verbally in our day-to day life situation in family and society. But in India English is a foreign language. It is different from mother tongue. The teaching of English is highly desirable for a English teacher. Before starting his teaching, it requires for the teacher to fix up his aims and objectives. It makes him efficient.

Objectives Teaching English:

(A) The objective of teaching English has two main aspects:

(i) Language aspect: Words, sentences, pronunciation, spelling and grammar.

(ii) Literature aspect: Words, sentences, expressing ideas, feelings and experiences.

(B) The English language teaching has four objectives to develop four skills:

(i) Reading, (ii) Writing, (iii) Speaking and (iv) Listening.

(C) The English teaching also has two objectives:

(I) Skill objectives include:

  • To develop the skill of speaking,
  • To develop the skill of reading,
  • To develop the skill of writing,
  • To develop the skill of listening,
  • To enable the students for the use of grammar correctly,
  • To enable the students to analyze the element of language and establish the appropriate relationship among linguistic components.

(II) Cognitive objectives include:

  • To acquire knowledge,
  • To diagnose the weakness of speaking and writing English,
  • To compare and illustrate linguistic components,
  • To classify the elements of English language,
  • To understand the meaning of prose, poetry, story and drama by reading.

In order to teach English correctly and properly English teacher must know the aims and objectives of teaching English.


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