Planning of Environmentally Compatible Human Settlements

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To provide environmentally compatible human habitants, a multipronged approach for conservation of urban environment should be followed. Some of the points, which may be kept in mind, are:

1) In all urban areas sufficient green area must be demarcated and maintained around construction sites to compensate the heating effect of concrete buildings. It some trees are failed; new trees must be planted to maintained the balance. Wherever lands are available, people must be encouraged to plant and nurture trees.

2) Illegal encroachments should never be regularized and if such encroachments have been at the cost of cutting of trees, stringent action against the party involved must be taken. You will read about the legislative measures, which have been taken to stop encroachment on fertile, productive lands.

3) Prior to the approval of city water supply scheme, a linked drainage scheme should be provided for al new construction and building.

4) Since cities are suffering from the polluted exhausts and effluents emanated by industrial establishments located in their close proximity, separate water treatment facilities must be used for commercial and residential water supply. Similarly, their discharge should be collected separately. The industrial effluents must be given special treatment before being discharge into receiving waters.

5) Commercial activities, which can generated hazardous liquid waste, such as electroplating, metal finishing, plastic and polyvinyl products, paints and ink factories, should not be allowed to encroach on residential areas.

6) Sewage recycling projects must be initiated in all big cities of India. This will help in quick and safe disposal of sewage and at the same time help recover the energy content of organic residues resulting from household activities. You will read about this in another section.


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