Advantages of Cooperative Society
1. Easy to form:
The formation of a cooperative society is very simple as compared to the formation of any other form of business organisations. Any ten adults can join together and form a cooperative society. The procedure involves in the registration of a cooperative society is very simple and easy. No legal formalities are required for the formation of cooperative society.
2. No obstruction for membership:
Unless and otherwise specifically debarred, the membership of cooperative society is open to everybody. Nobody is obstructed to join on the basis of religion, caste, creed, sex and colour etc. A person can become a member of a society at any time he likes and can leave the society when he does not like to continue as ; member.
3. Limited liability:
In most cases, the liabilities of the members of the society is limited to the extent of capital contributed by them. Hence, they are relieved from the fear of attachment of their private property, in case of the society suffers financial losses.
4. Service motive:
In Cooperative society members are provided with better good and services at reasonable prices. The society also provides financial help to its members < the concessional rates. It assists in setting up production units and marketing of produces c small business houses so also small farmers for their agricultural products.
5. Democratic management:
The cooperative society is managed by the elected members from and among themselves. Every member has equal rights through its single vote but can take active part in' the formulation of the policies of the society. Thus all member are equally important for the society.
6. Stability and continuity:
A cooperative society cannot be dissolved by the death insolvency, lunacy, permanent incapability of the members. Therefore, it has stable life are continues to exist for a longer period. It has got separate legal existence. New members m< join and old members may quit the society but society continues to function unless are otherwise all members unanimously decided to close the same.
7. Economic operations:
The operation carried on by the cooperative society economical due to the eliminations of middlemen. The services of middlemen are provided by the members of the society with the minimum cost. In the case of cooperative society, the recurring and non-recurring expenses are very less. Further, the economies of scale-ma production or purchase, automatically reduces the procurement price of the goods, thereby minimises the selling price.
8. Surplus shared by the members:
The society sells goods to its members on a nominal profit. In some cases, the society sells goods to outsiders. This profit is utilised for meeting the day-to-day administration cost of the society. The procedure for distribution of profit that some portion of the surplus is spent for the welfare of the members, some portion kept reserve whereas the balance shared among the members as dividend on the basis of this purchases.
9. State patronage:
Government provides special assistance to the societies to enable them to achieve their objectives successfully. Therefore, the societies are given financial lo< at lower rates. Government also extends many type of subsidies to cooperative societies strengthening their financial stability and sustainable growth in future.
Disadvantages of Cooperative Society:
Despite many an advantages, the cooperative society suffer from certain limitations c drawbacks. Some of these limitations, which a cooperative form of business has are as follows:
1. Limited resources:
Cooperative societies financial strength depend on the cap contributed by its members and loan raising capacity from state cooperative banks. The membership fee is limited for which they are unable to raise large amount of resources as their members belong to the lower and middle class. Thus, cooperative^ are not suitable for the large scale business which require huge capital.
2. Inefficient management:
A cooperative society is managed by the members only. They do not possess any managerial and special skills. This is considered as major drawback of this sector. Inefficiency of management may not bring success to the societies.
3. Lack of secrecy:
The cooperative society does not maintain any secrecy in business because the affairs of the society is openly discussed in the meetings. But secrecy is very important for the success of a business organisation. This paved the way for competitors to compete in more better manner.
4. Cash trading:
The cooperative societies sell their products to outsiders only in cash. But, they are usually from the poor sections. These persons require to avail credit facilities which is not possible in the case of cooperatives. Hence, marketing is a shortcoming for the cooperatives.
5. Excessive Government interference:
Government put their nominee in the Board of management of cooperative society. They influence the decision of the Board which may or may not be favourable for the interest of the society. Excessive state regulation, interference with the flexibility of its operation affects adversely the efficiency of the management of the society.
6. Absence of motivation:
The members may not feel enthusiastic because the law governing the cooperatives put some restriction on the rate of return. Absence of relationship between work and reward discourage the members to put their maximum effort in the society.
7. Disputes and differences:
The management of the society constitutes the various types of personnel from different social, economical and academic background. Many a times they strongly differs from each other on many important issues. This becomes detrimental to the interest of the society. The different opinions and disputes may paralyses the effectiveness of the management.