The land surface in different parts of India is not the same. There are high mountains and low-lying valleys. There are stretches of plains and plateaus. Rivers and lakes are present in various parts of India. These mountains, rivers, etc., constitute the physical features of India. The map showing all the physical features is called a physical map.
The physical features (mountains, plains, rivers, distance from the sea, etc.) greatly influence the climate of a place. The climate of a place is the kind of weather a place normally experiences for a long period. It influences the lifestyle of the people. Thus the food people eat, the clothes they wear, the work they do, are largely governed by the climate of a place. Let us see how :
The food people eat:
Different crops grow in different climates. The food habits of the people in an area depend upon the fruits, vegetables and cereals that grow there.
The clothes people wear:
The climate affects the kind of clothes people wear. The physical features and culture of a place together determine what people wear in that area.
The way people live:
The kind of houses we build also depends on the weather conditions of the area we stay in. In places where it rains or snows, houses with sloping roofs are built. Places where floods are a common occurrence, people build houses on stilts.
The work people do:
The occupation of people also depends on climate and terrain of the place they live in. For example, in hilly places, people are lumberjacks or dealers of wood and wooden articles, some people grow and sell fruits like apples and strawberries, etc.
Let us take a journey through different parts of India. We will study the important physical features of our country and try to understand their relationship with the climate and lifestyle of the region.