What are fungi? How do they reproduce?

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Fungi are a group of organisms that at one time was considered a part of the plant kingdom. Now some scientists think that fungi are neither plants nor animals. They grow on logs of wood and dead plants. They have no flowers, stem, root and they cannot make their own food. They feed on dead plants and animals and decompose them. Moulds, mushrooms and yeast are all fungi.

Reproduction in fungi:

Fungi have spores that can grow like seeds into new plants. If you see a mould growing on bread under a microscope you will find that each stalk has a swollen head. This is called the spore bag which bursts open when spores are ripe, scattering them. They are dispersed by wind, animals, etc., and give rise to new fungi. In mushrooms, the spores are located under the cap.


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